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UCSF Cardiology
Transforming medicine through innovation and collaboration.
Department of Medicine

Faculty Profiles

Ann Bolger, MD
M_MED-CARD-ZSFG
Professor Emeritus

1001 Potrero Ave
San Francisco, CA 94110
415-206-8087
Ann.Bolger@ucsf.edu

Recent Articles (122)

Casas B, Lantz J, Viola F, Cedersund G, Bolger AF, Carlhäll CJ, Karlsson M, Ebbers T. Bridging the gap between measurements and modelling: a cardiovascular functional avatar. Sci Rep. 2017 Jul 24; 7(1):6214.

Eriksson J, Zajac J, Alehagen U, Bolger AF, Ebbers T, Carlhäll CJ. Left ventricular hemodynamic forces as a marker of mechanical dyssynchrony in heart failure patients with left bundle branch block. Sci Rep. 2017 Jun 07; 7(1):2971.

Wilson WR, Bower TC, Creager MA, Amin-Hanjani S, O'Gara PT, Lockhart PB, Darouiche RO, Ramlawi B, Derdeyn CP, Bolger AF, Levison ME, Taubert KA, Baltimore RS, Baddour LM. Vascular Graft Infections, Mycotic Aneurysms, and Endovascular Infections: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2016 Oct 13.

Svalbring E, Fredriksson A, Eriksson J, Dyverfeldt P, Ebbers T, Bolger AF, Engvall J, Carlhäll CJ. Altered Diastolic Flow Patterns and Kinetic Energy in Subtle Left Ventricular Remodeling and Dysfunction Detected by 4D Flow MRI. PLoS One. 2016; 11(8):e0161391.

Kazi DS, Bolger AF. Caveat Emptor: Antibiotics, Endocarditis, and Statistical Artifacts. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2016 May 3; 67(17):2088-90.

Eriksson J, Bolger AF, Ebbers T, Carlhäll CJ. Assessment of left ventricular hemodynamic forces in healthy subjects and patients with dilated cardiomyopathy using 4D flow MRI. Physiol Rep. 2016 Feb; 4(3).

Baddour LM, Wilson WR, Bayer AS, Fowler VG, Tleyjeh IM, Rybak MJ, Barsic B, Lockhart PB, Gewitz MH, Levison ME, Bolger AF, Steckelberg JM, Baltimore RS, Fink AM, O'Gara P, Taubert KA. Infective Endocarditis in Adults: Diagnosis, Antimicrobial Therapy, and Management of Complications: A Scientific Statement for Healthcare Professionals From the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2015 Oct 13; 132(15):1435-86.

Spinale FG, Bolger AF. Fate Versus Flow: Wall Shear Stress in the Aortopathy Associated With Bicuspid Aortic Valves. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2015 Aug 25; 66(8):901-4.

Dyverfeldt P, Bissell M, Barker AJ, Bolger AF, Carlhäll CJ, Ebbers T, Francios CJ, Frydrychowicz A, Geiger J, Giese D, Hope MD, Kilner PJ, Kozerke S, Myerson S, Neubauer S, Wieben O, Markl M. 4D flow cardiovascular magnetic resonance consensus statement. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson. 2015; 17(1):72.

Kazi DS, Bolger AF. Infective endocarditis and antibiotic prophylaxis. Lancet. 2015 Aug 8; 386(9993):530.

Lange DC, Glidden D, Secemsky EA, Ordovas K, Deeks SG, Martin JN, Bolger AF, Hsue PY. Mitral Annular and Coronary Artery Calcification Are Associated with Mortality in HIV-Infected Individuals. PLoS One. 2015; 10(7):e0130592.

Gewitz MH, Baltimore RS, Tani LY, Sable CA, Shulman ST, Carapetis J, Remenyi B, Taubert KA, Bolger AF, Beerman L, Mayosi BM, Beaton A, Pandian NG, Kaplan EL. Revision of the Jones Criteria for the diagnosis of acute rheumatic fever in the era of Doppler echocardiography: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2015 May 19; 131(20):1806-18.

Kazi DS, Prabhakaran D, Bolger AF. Rising above the rhetoric: mobile applications and the delivery of cost-effective cardiovascular care in resource-limited settings. Future Cardiol. 2015; 11(1):1-4.

Eriksson J, Bolger AF, Carlhäll CJ, Ebbers T. Spatial heterogeneity of four-dimensional relative pressure fields in the human left ventricle. Magn Reson Med. 2015 Dec; 74(6):1716-25.

Zajac J, Eriksson J, Dyverfeldt P, Bolger AF, Ebbers T, Carlhäll CJ. Turbulent kinetic energy in normal and myopathic left ventricles. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2015 Apr; 41(4):1021-9.

Seligman HK, Bolger AF, Guzman D, López A, Bibbins-Domingo K. Exhaustion of food budgets at month's end and hospital admissions for hypoglycemia. Health Aff (Millwood). 2014 Jan; 33(1):116-23.

Dubin RF, Beatty AL, Teerlink JR, Schiller NB, Bolger AF, Alokozai D, Peralta CA, Johansen KL. Determinants of hemodialysis-induced segmental wall motion abnormalities. Hemodial Int. 2014 Apr; 18(2):396-405.

Bolger AF. Challenges in treating prosthetic valve endocarditis. JAMA Intern Med. 2013 Sep 9; 173(16):1504-5.

ACCF/AHA/SCAI 2013 Update of the Clinical Competence Statement on Coronary Artery Interventional Procedures: a Report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association/American College of Physicians Task Force on Clinical Competence and Training (Writing Committee to Revise the 2007 Clinical Competence Statement on Cardiac Interventional Procedures). Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2013 Aug 01; 82(2):E69-111.

Wu AH, Bolger AF, Hollander JE. Growing pains with the use of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin assays. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2013 Oct 1; 62(14):1250-1.

Thygesen K, Alpert JS, Jaffe AS, Simoons ML, Chaitman BR, White HD. Third universal definition of myocardial infarction. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2012 Oct 16; 60(16):1581-98.

Eriksson J, Bolger AF, Ebbers T, Carlhäll CJ. Four-dimensional blood flow-specific markers of LV dysfunction in dilated cardiomyopathy. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2013 May; 14(5):417-24.

Hsue PY, Scherzer R, Hunt PW, Schnell A, Bolger AF, Kalapus SC, Maka K, Martin JN, Ganz P, Deeks SG. Carotid Intima-Media Thickness Progression in HIV-Infected Adults Occurs Preferentially at the Carotid Bifurcation and Is Predicted by Inflammation. J Am Heart Assoc. 2012 Apr; 1(2).

Lockhart PB, Bolger AF, Papapanou PN, Osinbowale O, Trevisan M, Levison ME, Taubert KA, Newburger JW, Gornik HL, Gewitz MH, Wilson WR, Smith SC, Baddour LM. Periodontal disease and atherosclerotic vascular disease: does the evidence support an independent association?: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2012 May 22; 125(20):2520-44.

Fredriksson AG, Zajac J, Eriksson J, Dyverfeldt P, Bolger AF, Ebbers T, Carlhäll CJ. 4-D blood flow in the human right ventricle. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2011 Dec; 301(6):H2344-50.

Hsue PY, Bolger AF, Martin JN. Pulmonary hypertension in HIV-infected individuals. Clin Infect Dis. 2011 Jul 1; 53(1):96; author reply 96-7.

Eriksson J, Dyverfeldt P, Engvall J, Bolger AF, Ebbers T, Carlhäll CJ. Quantification of presystolic blood flow organization and energetics in the human left ventricle. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2011 Jun; 300(6):H2135-41.

Dyverfeldt P, Kvitting JP, Carlhäll CJ, Boano G, Sigfridsson A, Hermansson U, Bolger AF, Engvall J, Ebbers T. Hemodynamic aspects of mitral regurgitation assessed by generalized phase-contrast MRI. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2011 Mar; 33(3):582-8.

Bolger AF. The special challenge of left-sided endocarditis. Heart. 2011 Jul; 97(14):1117-8.

Baddour LM, Epstein AE, Erickson CC, Knight BP, Levison ME, Lockhart PB, Masoudi FA, Okum EJ, Wilson WR, Beerman LB, Bolger AF, Estes NA, Gewitz M, Newburger JW, Schron EB, Taubert KA. A summary of the update on cardiovascular implantable electronic device infections and their management: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. J Am Dent Assoc. 2011 Feb; 142(2):159-65.

Kvitting JP, Dyverfeldt P, Sigfridsson A, Franzén S, Wigström L, Bolger AF, Ebbers T. In vitro assessment of flow patterns and turbulence intensity in prosthetic heart valves using generalized phase-contrast MRI. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2010 May; 31(5):1075-80.

Kaul S, Bolger AF, Herrington D, Giugliano RP, Eckel RH. Thiazolidinedione drugs and cardiovascular risks: a science advisory from the American Heart Association and American College Of Cardiology Foundation. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2010 Apr 27; 55(17):1885-94.

Carlhäll CJ, Bolger A. Passing strange: flow in the failing ventricle. Circ Heart Fail. 2010 Mar; 3(2):326-31.

Kaul S, Bolger AF, Herrington D, Giugliano RP, Eckel RH. Thiazolidinedione drugs and cardiovascular risks: a science advisory from the American Heart Association and American College of Cardiology Foundation. Circulation. 2010 Apr 27; 121(16):1868-77.

Farzaneh-Far R, Bolger AF. Surgical timing in infectious endocarditis: wrestling with the unrandomized. Circulation. 2010 Mar 2; 121(8):960-2.

Eriksson J, Carlhäll CJ, Dyverfeldt P, Engvall J, Bolger AF, Ebbers T. Semi-automatic quantification of 4D left ventricular blood flow. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson. 2010; 12:9.

Baddour LM, Epstein AE, Erickson CC, Knight BP, Levison ME, Lockhart PB, Masoudi FA, Okum EJ, Wilson WR, Beerman LB, Bolger AF, Estes NA, Gewitz M, Newburger JW, Schron EB, Taubert KA. Update on cardiovascular implantable electronic device infections and their management: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2010 Jan 26; 121(3):458-77.

Hsue PY, Hunt PW, Ho JE, Farah HH, Schnell A, Hoh R, Martin JN, Deeks SG, Bolger AF. Impact of HIV infection on diastolic function and left ventricular mass. Circ Heart Fail. 2010 Jan; 3(1):132-9.

Kvitting JP, Sigfridsson A, Wigström L, Bolger AF, Karlsson M. Analysis of human myocardial dynamics using virtual markers based on magnetic resonance imaging. Clin Physiol Funct Imaging. 2010 Jan; 30(1):23-9.

Kvitting JP, Dyverfeldt P, Carlhäll CJ, Sigfridsson A, Bolger AF, Ebbers T, Engvall J. [MR allows a unique possibility to see how the blood flow affects the cardiovascular system]. Lakartidningen. 2009 Jul 22-Aug 4; 106(30-31):1901-4.

Bolger AF. The rationale for the new infective endocarditis guidelines. Curr Cardiol Rep. 2009 Mar; 11(2):101-6.

Bolger AF. Aortic intramural haematoma. Heart. 2008 Dec; 94(12):1670-4.

Haraldsson H, Wigström L, Lundberg M, Bolger AF, Engvall J, Ebbers T, Kvitting JP. Improved estimation and visualization of two-dimensional myocardial strain rate using MR velocity mapping. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2008 Sep; 28(3):604-11.

Dyverfeldt P, Kvitting JP, Sigfridsson A, Engvall J, Bolger AF, Ebbers T. Assessment of fluctuating velocities in disturbed cardiovascular blood flow: in vivo feasibility of generalized phase-contrast MRI. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2008 Sep; 28(3):655-63.

Jain V, Yang MH, Kovacicova-Lezcano G, Juhle LS, Bolger AF, Winston LG. Infective endocarditis in an urban medical center: association of individual drugs with valvular involvement. J Infect. 2008 Aug; 57(2):132-8.

Hsue PY, Squires K, Bolger AF, Capili B, Mensah GA, Temesgen Z, Wanke CA, Wohl DA. Screening and assessment of coronary heart disease in HIV-infected patients. Circulation. 2008 Jul 8; 118(2):e41-7.

Wilson W, Taubert KA, Gewitz M, Lockhart PB, Baddour LM, Levison M, Bolger A, Cabell CH, Takahashi M, Baltimore RS, Newburger JW, Strom BL, Tani LY, Gerber M, Bonow RO, Pallasch T, Shulman ST, Rowley AH, Burns JC, Ferrieri P, Gardner T, Goff D, Durack DT. Prevention of infective endocarditis: guidelines from the American Heart Association: a guideline from the American Heart Association Rheumatic Fever, Endocarditis and Kawasaki Disease Committee, Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young, and the Council on Clinical Cardiology, Council on Cardiovascular Surgery and Anesthesia, and the Quality of Care and Outcomes Research Interdisciplinary Working Group. J Am Dent Assoc. 2008 Jan; 139 Suppl:3S-24S.

Wilson W, Taubert KA, Gewitz M, Lockhart PB, Baddour LM, Levison M, Bolger A, Cabell CH, Takahashi M, Baltimore RS, Newburger JW, Strom BL, Tani LY, Gerber M, Bonow RO, Pallasch T, Shulman ST, Rowley AH, Burns JC, Ferrieri P, Gardner T, Goff D, Durack DT. Prevention of infective endocarditis: guidelines from the American Heart Association: a guideline from the American Heart Association Rheumatic Fever, Endocarditis and Kawasaki Disease Committee, Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young, and the Council on Clinical Cardiology, Council on Cardiovascular Surgery and Anesthesia, and the Quality of Care and Outcomes Research Interdisciplinary Working Group. J Am Dent Assoc. 2007 Jun; 138(6):739-45, 747-60.

Wilson W, Taubert KA, Gewitz M, Lockhart PB, Baddour LM, Levison M, Bolger A, Cabell CH, Takahashi M, Baltimore RS, Newburger JW, Strom BL, Tani LY, Gerber M, Bonow RO, Pallasch T, Shulman ST, Rowley AH, Burns JC, Ferrieri P, Gardner T, Goff D, Durack DT. Prevention of infective endocarditis: guidelines from the American Heart Association: a guideline from the American Heart Association Rheumatic Fever, Endocarditis, and Kawasaki Disease Committee, Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young, and the Council on Clinical Cardiology, Council on Cardiovascular Surgery and Anesthesia, and the Quality of Care and Outcomes Research Interdisciplinary Working Group. Circulation. 2007 Oct 9; 116(15):1736-54.

Bolger AF, Heiberg E, Karlsson M, Wigström L, Engvall J, Sigfridsson A, Ebbers T, Kvitting JP, Carlhäll CJ, Wranne B. Transit of blood flow through the human left ventricle mapped by cardiovascular magnetic resonance. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson. 2007; 9(5):741-7.

Kessler J, Bolger AF, Gray AT. An essential skill. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2006 Nov-Dec; 31(6):498-500.

Winston LG, Bolger AF. Modern epidemiology, prophylaxis, and diagnosis and therapy for infective endocarditis. Curr Cardiol Rep. 2006 Mar; 8(2):102-8.

Bolger AF. Do you see what I see? Agreeing to disagree. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2006 Jan 3; 47(1):129-30.

Baddour LM, Wilson WR, Bayer AS, Fowler VG, Bolger AF, Levison ME, Ferrieri P, Gerber MA, Tani LY, Gewitz MH, Tong DC, Steckelberg JM, Baltimore RS, Shulman ST, Burns JC, Falace DA, Newburger JW, Pallasch TJ, Takahashi M, Taubert KA. Infective endocarditis: diagnosis, antimicrobial therapy, and management of complications: a statement for healthcare professionals from the Committee on Rheumatic Fever, Endocarditis, and Kawasaki Disease, Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young, and the Councils on Clinical Cardiology, Stroke, and Cardiovascular Surgery and Anesthesia, American Heart Association: endorsed by the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Circulation. 2005 Jun 14; 111(23):e394-434.

Newburger JW, Takahashi M, Gerber MA, Gewitz MH, Tani LY, Burns JC, Shulman ST, Bolger AF, Ferrieri P, Baltimore RS, Wilson WR, Baddour LM, Levison ME, Pallasch TJ, Falace DA, Taubert KA. Diagnosis, treatment, and long-term management of Kawasaki disease: a statement for health professionals from the Committee on Rheumatic Fever, Endocarditis, and Kawasaki Disease, Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young, American Heart Association. Pediatrics. 2004 Dec; 114(6):1708-33.

Newburger JW, Takahashi M, Gerber MA, Gewitz MH, Tani LY, Burns JC, Shulman ST, Bolger AF, Ferrieri P, Baltimore RS, Wilson WR, Baddour LM, Levison ME, Pallasch TJ, Falace DA, Taubert KA. Diagnosis, treatment, and long-term management of Kawasaki disease: a statement for health professionals from the Committee on Rheumatic Fever, Endocarditis and Kawasaki Disease, Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young, American Heart Association. Circulation. 2004 Oct 26; 110(17):2747-71.

Carlhäll C, Wigström L, Heiberg E, Karlsson M, Bolger AF, Nylander E. Contribution of mitral annular excursion and shape dynamics to total left ventricular volume change. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2004 Oct; 287(4):H1836-41.

Kvitting JP, Ebbers T, Wigström L, Engvall J, Olin CL, Bolger AF. Flow patterns in the aortic root and the aorta studied with time-resolved, 3-dimensional, phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging: implications for aortic valve-sparing surgery. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2004 Jun; 127(6):1602-7.

Baddour LM, Bettmann MA, Bolger AF, Epstein AE, Ferrieri P, Gerber MA, Gewitz MH, Jacobs AK, Levison ME, Newburger JW, Pallasch TJ, Wilson WR, Baltimore RS, Falace DA, Shulman ST, Tani LY, Taubert KA. Nonvalvular cardiovascular device-related infections. Clin Infect Dis. 2004 Apr 15; 38(8):1128-30.

Hsue PY, Lo JC, Franklin A, Bolger AF, Martin JN, Deeks SG, Waters DD. Progression of atherosclerosis as assessed by carotid intima-media thickness in patients with HIV infection. Circulation. 2004 Apr 6; 109(13):1603-8.

Baddour LM, Bettmann MA, Bolger AF, Epstein AE, Ferrieri P, Gerber MA, Gewitz MH, Jacobs AK, Levison ME, Newburger JW, Pallasch TJ, Wilson WR, Baltimore RS, Falace DA, Shulman ST, Tani LY, Taubert KA. Nonvalvular cardiovascular device-related infections. Circulation. 2003 Oct 21; 108(16):2015-31.

Nielsen SL, Timek TA, Green GR, Dagum P, Daughters GT, Hasenkam JM, Bolger AF, Ingels NB, Miller DC. Influence of anterior mitral leaflet second-order chordae tendineae on left ventricular systolic function. Circulation. 2003 Jul 29; 108(4):486-91.

Ebbers T, Wigström L, Bolger AF, Wranne B, Karlsson M. Noninvasive measurement of time-varying three-dimensional relative pressure fields within the human heart. J Biomech Eng. 2002 Jun; 124(3):288-93.

Webb CL, Jenkins KJ, Karpawich PP, Bolger AF, Donner RM, Allen HD, Barst RJ. Collaborative care for adults with congenital heart disease. Circulation. 2002 May 14; 105(19):2318-23.

Ferrieri P, Gewitz MH, Gerber MA, Newburger JW, Dajani AS, Shulman ST, Wilson W, Bolger AF, Bayer A, Levison ME, Pallasch TJ, Gage TW, Taubert KA. Unique features of infective endocarditis in childhood. Pediatrics. 2002 May; 109(5):931-43.

Ferrieri P, Gewitz MH, Gerber MA, Newburger JW, Dajani AS, Shulman ST, Wilson W, Bolger AF, Bayer A, Levison ME, Pallasch TJ, Gage TW, Taubert KA. Unique features of infective endocarditis in childhood. Circulation. 2002 Apr 30; 105(17):2115-26.

Bolger AF. Endocarditis beyond the annulus: eat your heart out. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2002 Apr 3; 39(7):1212-3.

Hsue PY, Salinas CL, Bolger AF, Benowitz NL, Waters DD. Acute aortic dissection related to crack cocaine. Circulation. 2002 Apr 2; 105(13):1592-5.

Fyrenius A, Wigström L, Ebbers T, Karlsson M, Engvall J, Bolger AF. Three dimensional flow in the human left atrium. Heart. 2001 Oct; 86(4):448-55.

Timek TA, Nielsen SL, Green GR, Dagum P, Bolger AF, Daughters GT, Hasenkam JM, Ingels NB, Miller DC. Influence of anterior mitral leaflet second-order chordae on leaflet dynamics and valve competence. Ann Thorac Surg. 2001 Aug; 72(2):535-40; discussion 541.

Ebbers T, Wigström L, Bolger AF, Engvall J, Karlsson M. Estimation of relative cardiovascular pressures using time-resolved three-dimensional phase contrast MRI. Magn Reson Med. 2001 May; 45(5):872-9.

Ryan EW, Bolger AF. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in the evaluation of infective endocarditis. Cardiol Clin. 2000 Nov; 18(4):773-87.

Timek T, Glasson JR, Dagum P, Green GR, Nistal JF, Komeda M, Daughters GT, Bolger AF, Foppiano LE, Ingels NB, Miller DC. Ring annuloplasty prevents delayed leaflet coaptation and mitral regurgitation during acute left ventricular ischemia. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2000 Apr; 119(4 Pt 1):774-83.

Dagum P, Green GR, Nistal FJ, Daughters GT, Timek TA, Foppiano LE, Bolger AF, Ingels NB, Miller DC. Deformational dynamics of the aortic root: modes and physiologic determinants. Circulation. 1999 Nov 9; 100(19 Suppl):II54-62.

Dagum P, Green GR, Timek TA, Daughters GT, Foppiano LE, Tye TL, Bolger AF, Ingels NB, Miller DC. Functional evaluation of the medtronic stentless porcine xenograft mitral valve in sheep. Circulation. 1999 Nov 9; 100(19 Suppl):II70-7.

Green GR, Dagum P, Glasson JR, Daughters GT, Bolger AF, Foppiano LE, Berry GJ, Ingels NB, Miller DC. Mitral annular dilatation and papillary muscle dislocation without mitral regurgitation in sheep. Circulation. 1999 Nov 9; 100(19 Suppl):II95-102.

Fyrenius A, Wigström L, Bolger AF, Ebbers T, Ohman KP, Karlsson M, Wranne B, Engvall J. Pitfalls in Doppler evaluation of diastolic function: insights from 3-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 1999 Oct; 12(10):817-26.

Wigström L, Ebbers T, Fyrenius A, Karlsson M, Engvall J, Wranne B, Bolger AF. Particle trace visualization of intracardiac flow using time-resolved 3D phase contrast MRI. Magn Reson Med. 1999 Apr; 41(4):793-9.

Dagum P, Green GR, Glasson JR, Daughters GT, Bolger AF, Foppiano LE, Ingels NB, Miller DC. Potential mechanism of left ventricular outflow tract obstruction after mitral ring annuloplasty. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1999 Mar; 117(3):472-80.

Glasson JR, Green GR, Nistal JF, Dagum P, Komeda M, Daughters GT, Bolger AF, Foppiano LE, Ingels NB, Miller DC. Mitral annular size and shape in sheep with annuloplasty rings. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1999 Feb; 117(2):302-9.

Bayer AS, Bolger AF, Taubert KA, Wilson W, Steckelberg J, Karchmer AW, Levison M, Chambers HF, Dajani AS, Gewitz MH, Newburger JW, Gerber MA, Shulman ST, Pallasch TJ, Gage TW, Ferrieri P. Diagnosis and management of infective endocarditis and its complications. Circulation. 1998 Dec 22-29; 98(25):2936-48.

Green GR, Dagum P, Glasson JR, Daughters GT, Bolger AF, Foppiano LE, Ingels NB, Miller DC. Semirigid or flexible mitral annuloplasty rings do not affect global or basal regional left ventricular systolic function. Circulation. 1998 Nov 10; 98(19 Suppl):II128-35; discussion II135-6.

DeAnda A, Komeda M, Moon MR, Green GR, Bolger AF, Nikolic SD, Daughters GT, Miller DC. Estimation of regional left ventricular wall stresses in intact canine hearts. Am J Physiol. 1998 Nov; 275(5 Pt 2):H1879-85.

Glasson JR, Komeda M, Daughters GT, Bolger AF, Karlsson MO, Foppiano LE, Hayase M, Oesterle SN, Ingels NB, Miller DC. Early systolic mitral leaflet "loitering" during acute ischemic mitral regurgitation. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1998 Aug; 116(2):193-205.

Karlsson MO, Glasson JR, Bolger AF, Daughters GT, Komeda M, Foppiano LE, Miller DC, Ingels NB. Mitral valve opening in the ovine heart. Am J Physiol. 1998 Feb; 274(2 Pt 2):H552-63.

Dajani AS, Taubert KA, Wilson W, Bolger AF, Bayer A, Ferrieri P, Gewitz MH, Shulman ST, Nouri S, Newburger JW, Hutto C, Pallasch TJ, Gage TW, Levison ME, Peter G, Zuccaro G. Prevention of bacterial endocarditis: recommendations by the American Heart Association. Clin Infect Dis. 1997 Dec; 25(6):1448-58.

Glasson JR, Komeda M, Daughters GT, Foppiano LE, Bolger AF, Tye TL, Ingels NB, Miller DC. Most ovine mitral annular three-dimensional size reduction occurs before ventricular systole and is abolished with ventricular pacing. Circulation. 1997 Nov 4; 96(9 Suppl):II-115-22; discussion II-123.

Komeda M, Glasson JR, Bolger AF, Daughters GT, MacIsaac A, Oesterle SN, Ingels NB, Miller DC. Geometric determinants of ischemic mitral regurgitation. Circulation. 1997 Nov 4; 96(9 Suppl):II-128-33.

Komeda M, DeAnda A, Glasson JR, Bolger AF, Daughters GT, Ingels NB, Miller DC. Complete unloading alone may not adequately protect the left ventricle. Ann Thorac Surg. 1997 Nov; 64(5):1250-5.

Dajani AS, Taubert KA, Wilson W, Bolger AF, Bayer A, Ferrieri P, Gewitz MH, Shulman ST, Nouri S, Newburger JW, Hutto C, Pallasch TJ, Gage TW, Levison ME, Peter G, Zuccaro G. Prevention of bacterial endocarditis: recommendations by the American Heart Association. J Am Dent Assoc. 1997 Aug; 128(8):1142-51.

Bolger AF, Eidenvall L, Ask P, Loyd D, Wranne B. Understanding continuous-wave Doppler signal intensity as a measure of regurgitant severity. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 1997 Jul-Aug; 10(6):613-22.

Dajani AS, Taubert KA, Wilson W, Bolger AF, Bayer A, Ferrieri P, Gewitz MH, Shulman ST, Nouri S, Newburger JW, Hutto C, Pallasch TJ, Gage TW, Levison ME, Peter G, Zuccaro G. Prevention of bacterial endocarditis. Recommendations by the American Heart Association. Circulation. 1997 Jul 1; 96(1):358-66.

Dajani AS, Taubert KA, Wilson W, Bolger AF, Bayer A, Ferrieri P, Gewitz MH, Shulman ST, Nouri S, Newburger JW, Hutto C, Pallasch TJ, Gage TW, Levison ME, Peter G, Zuccaro G. Prevention of bacterial endocarditis. Recommendations by the American Heart Association. JAMA. 1997 Jun 11; 277(22):1794-801.

Moon MR, Bolger AF, DeAnda A, Komeda M, Daughters GT, Nikolic SD, Miller DC, Ingels NB. Septal function during left ventricular unloading. Circulation. 1997 Mar 4; 95(5):1320-7.

Komeda M, Glasson JR, Bolger AF, Daughters GT, Ingels NB, Miller DC. Papillary muscle-left ventricular wall "complex". J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1997 Feb; 113(2):292-300; discussion 300-1.

Komeda M, Glasson JR, Bolger AF, Daughters GT, Niczyporuk MA, Ingels NB, Miller DC. Three-dimensional dynamic geometry of the normal canine mitral annulus and papillary muscles. Circulation. 1996 Nov 1; 94(9 Suppl):II159-63.

Glasson JR, Komeda M, Daughters GT, Bolger AF, Ingels NB, Miller DC. Loss of three-dimensional canine mitral annular systolic contraction with reduced left ventricular volumes. Circulation. 1996 Nov 1; 94(9 Suppl):II152-8.

Glasson JR, Komeda M, Daughters GT, Bolger AF, MacIsaac A, Oesterle SN, Ingels NB, Miller DC. Three-dimensional dynamics of the canine mitral annulus during ischemic mitral regurgitation. Ann Thorac Surg. 1996 Oct; 62(4):1059-67; discussion 1067-8.

Komeda M, DeAnda A, Glasson JR, Bolger AF, Nikolic SD, Ingels NB, Miller DC. Improving methods of chordal-sparing mitral valve replacement--Part II: Optimal tension for chordal resuspension. J Heart Valve Dis. 1996 Sep; 5(5):477-83.

Komeda M, DeAnda A, Glasson JR, Daughters GT, Bolger AF, Nikolic SD, Ingels NB, Miller DC. Improving methods of chordal-sparing mitral valve replacement--Part III: Optimal direction for artificial chordae. J Heart Valve Dis. 1996 Sep; 5(5):484-90.

Komeda M, Bolger AF, DeAnda A, Tomizawa Y, Ingels NB, Miller DC. Improving methods of chordal sparing mitral valve replacement. Part I: A new, non-distorting isovolumic balloon preparation for the left ventricle with intact mitral subvalvular apparatus. J Heart Valve Dis. 1996 Jul; 5(4):376-82.

Ingels NB, Daughters GT, Nikolic SD, DeAnda A, Moon MR, Bolger AF, Komeda M, Derby GC, Yellin EL, Miller DC. Left ventricular diastolic suction with zero left atrial pressure in open-chest dogs. Am J Physiol. 1996 Apr; 270(4 Pt 2):H1217-24.

Glasson JR, Komeda MK, Daughters GT, Niczyporuk MA, Bolger AF, Ingels NB, Miller DC. Three-dimensional regional dynamics of the normal mitral anulus during left ventricular ejection. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1996 Mar; 111(3):574-85.

Czer LS, Maurer G, Bolger AF, DeRobertis M, Chaux A, Matloff JM. Revascularization alone or combined with suture annuloplasty for ischemic mitral regurgitation. Evaluation by color Doppler echocardiography. Tex Heart Inst J. 1996; 23(4):270-8.

Komeda M, DeAnda A, Glasson JR, Bolger AF, Tomizawa Y, Daughters GT, Tye TL, Ingels NB, Miller DC. Exploring better methods to preserve the chordae tendineae during mitral valve replacement. Ann Thorac Surg. 1995 Dec; 60(6):1652-7; discussion 1658.

Tong DC, Bolger A, Albers GW. Incidence of transcranial Doppler-detected cerebral microemboli in patients referred for echocardiography. Stroke. 1994 Nov; 25(11):2138-41.

Ingels NB, Daughters GT, Nikolic SD, DeAnda A, Moon MR, Bolger AF, Komeda M, Derby GC, Yellin EL, Miller DC. Left atrial pressure-clamp servomechanism demonstrates LV suction in canine hearts with normal mitral valves. Am J Physiol. 1994 Jul; 267(1 Pt 2):H354-62.

Rayhill SC, Daughters GT, Castro LJ, Niczyporuk MA, Moon MR, Ingels NB, Stadius ML, Derby GC, Bolger AF, Miller DC. Dynamics of normal and ischemic canine papillary muscles. Circ Res. 1994 Jun; 74(6):1179-87.

Albers GW, Comess KA, DeRook FA, Bracci P, Atwood JE, Bolger A, Hotson J. Transesophageal echocardiographic findings in stroke subtypes. Stroke. 1994 Jan; 25(1):23-8.

Pinto FJ, Bolger AF. Doppler echocardiographic diagnostic advances in aortic dissection using transesophageal and intraoperative epicardial approaches. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1993 Jan; 5(1):17-26.

Rayhill SC, Castro LJ, Nizyporuk MA, Ingels NB, Daughters GT, Derby GC, Tye TL, Bolger AF, Miller DC. Rigid ring fixation of the mitral annulus does not impair left ventricular systolic function in the normal canine heart. Circulation. 1992 Nov; 86(5 Suppl):II26-38.

Yun KL, Rayhill SC, Niczyporuk MA, Fann JI, Zipkin RE, Derby GC, Handen CE, Daughters GT, Ingels NB, Bolger AF. Mitral valve replacement in dilated canine hearts with chronic mitral regurgitation. Importance of the mitral subvalvular apparatus. Circulation. 1991 Nov; 84(5 Suppl):III112-24.

Bartzokis T, St Goar F, DiBiase A, Miller DC, Bolger AF. Freehand allograft aortic valve replacement and aortic root replacement. Utility of intraoperative echocardiography and Doppler color flow mapping. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1991 Mar; 101(3):545-53; discussion 553-4.

Yun KL, Fann JI, Rayhill SC, Nasserbakht F, Derby GC, Handen CE, Bolger AF, Miller DC. Importance of the mitral subvalvular apparatus for left ventricular segmental systolic mechanics. Circulation. 1990 Nov; 82(5 Suppl):IV89-104.

Bolger AF, Bartzokis T, Miller DC. Intraoperative echocardiography and Doppler color flow mapping in freehand allograft aortic valve and root replacement. Echocardiography. 1990 May; 7(3):229-40.

Czer LS, Maurer G, Bolger A, DeRobertis M, Kleinman J, Gray RJ, Chaux A, Matloff JM. Tricuspid valve repair. Operative and follow-up evaluation by Doppler color flow mapping. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1989 Jul; 98(1):101-10; discussion 110-1.

Bolger AF, Eigler NL, Maurer G. Quantifying valvular regurgitation. Limitations and inherent assumptions of Doppler techniques. Circulation. 1988 Nov; 78(5 Pt 1):1316-8.

Nellessen U, Schnittger I, Appleton CP, Masuyama T, Bolger A, Fischell TA, Tye T, Popp RL. Transesophageal two-dimensional echocardiography and color Doppler flow velocity mapping in the evaluation of cardiac valve prostheses. Circulation. 1988 Oct; 78(4):848-55.

Bolger AF, Eigler NL, Pfaff JM, Resser KJ, Maurer G. Computer analysis of Doppler color flow mapping images for quantitative assessment of in vitro fluid jets. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1988 Aug; 12(2):450-7.

Czer LS, Maurer G, Bolger AF, De Robertis M, Resser KJ, Kass RM, Lee ME, Blanche C, Chaux A, Gray RJ. Intraoperative evaluation of mitral regurgitation by Doppler color flow mapping. Circulation. 1987 Sep; 76(3 Pt 2):III108-16.

Maurer G, Czer LS, Chaux A, Bolger AF, DeRoberts M, Resser K, Kass RM, Lee ME, Matloff JM. Intraoperative Doppler color flow mapping for assessment of valve repair for mitral regurgitation. Am J Cardiol. 1987 Aug 01; 60(4):333-7.

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