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UCSF Cardiology
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Department of Medicine

Faculty Profiles

Randall Lee, MD, PhD

500 Parnassus Avenue
San Francisco, CA 94117

CLINICAL INTERESTS: Dr. Lee is a Cardiologist and a Cardiac Electrophysiologist. He specializes in conduction disorders and arrhythmias such as atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, ventricular tachycardia, sudden death and supraventricular tachycardia. He utilizes catheter ablation, LAA ligation for embolic stroke associated with atrial fibrillation and implantable devices (pacemakers and defibrillators) for the treatment of arrhythmias.

RESEARCH INTERESTS: Cardiac tissue engineering for myocardial repair/regeneration. Cardiac engineering for the development of devices and monitoring of arrhythmias and embolic stroke prevention. His research focuses on cellular and molecular aspects of cardiac arrhythmias and vascular regeneration. Dr. Lee uses genetic engineering techniques to investigate derangements during cardiac arrhythmias and myocardial infarctions and as possible therapeutic tools. Dr. Lee also is interested in cardiac development of the conduction system and the means to alter conduction, which then may be applied to diseased states.

Education and Training

Location Degree or Training Specialty Date
Stanford University Postdoctoral Studies Biochemistry/Molecular Biology 1992
University of California, San Francisco Fellow Cardiology/Electrophysiology 1992
University of California, Los Angeles M.D. School of Medicine 1984
University of California, Los Angeles Ph.D. Pharmacology 1984

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In the News

Recent Articles (104)

Geng X, Hwang J, Ye J, Shih H, Coulter B, Naudin C, Jun K, Sievers R, Yeghiazarians Y, Lee RJ, Boyle AJ. Aging is protective against pressure overload cardiomyopathy via adaptive extracellular matrix remodeling. Am J Cardiovasc Dis. 2017; 7(3):72-82.

Nguyen KT, Gladstone RA, Dukes JW, Nazer B, Vittinghoff E, Badhwar N, Vedantham V, Gerstenfeld EP, Lee BK, Lee RJ, Tseng ZH, Olgin JE, Scheinman MM, Marcus GM. The QT Interval as a Noninvasive Marker of Atrial Refractoriness. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2016 Oct 18.

Badhwar N, Mittal S, Rasekh A, Vasaiwala S, Musat D, S Naeini P, Fang Q, Nentwich K, Deneke T, Chang J, Lakkireddy D, Wilber D, Lee RJ. Conversion of persistent atrial fibrillation to sinus rhythm after LAA ligation with the LARIAT device. Int J Cardiol. 2016 Dec 15; 225:120-122.

Janaswamy P, Walters TE, Nazer B, Lee RJ. Current Treatment Strategies for Heart Failure: Role of Device Therapy and LV Reconstruction. Curr Treat Options Cardiovasc Med. 2016 Sep; 18(9):57.

Lee RJ. Clinical Significance of Leaks Following Left Atrial Appendage Ligation With the LARIAT Suture Delivery Device. JACC Cardiovasc Interv. 2016 May 23; 9(10):1058-60.

Bartus K, Gafoor S, Tschopp D, Foran JP, Tilz R, Wong T, Lakkireddy D, Sievert H, Lee RJ. Left atrial appendage ligation with the next generation LARIAT(+) suture delivery device: Early clinical experience. Int J Cardiol. 2016 Jul 15; 215:244-7.

Lakkireddy D, Afzal MR, Lee RJ, Nagaraj H, Tschopp D, Gidney B, Ellis C, Altman E, Lee B, Kar S, Bhadwar N, Sanchez M, Gadiyaram V, Evonich R, Rasekh A, Cheng J, Cuoco F, Chandhok S, Gunda S, Reddy M, Atkins D, Bommana S, Cuculich P, Gibson D, Nath J, Ferrell R, Matthew E, Wilb Affiliation Provided But Citation Not Provided So I Given For Last Author-Er D. Short and long-term outcomes of percutaneous left atrial appendage suture ligation: Results from a US multicenter evaluation. Heart Rhythm. 2016 May; 13(5):1030-6.

Gunda S, Reddy M, Nath J, Nagaraj H, Atoui M, Rasekh A, Ellis CR, Badhwar N, Lee RJ, DI Biase L, Mansour M, Ruskin JN, Natale A, Earnest M, Lakkireddy DR. Impact of Periprocedural Colchicine on Postprocedural Management in Patients Undergoing a Left Atrial Appendage Ligation Using LARIAT. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2016 Jan; 27(1):60-4.

Hall PS, Nazer B, Lee RJ. Reversible High-Grade Atrioventricular Block Associated With Cocaine Use. JAMA Intern Med. 2015 Dec 1; 175(12):1965-7.

Mann DL, Lee RJ, Coats AJ, Neagoe G, Dragomir D, Pusineri E, Piredda M, Bettari L, Kirwan BA, Dowling R, Volterrani M, Solomon SD, Sabbah HN, Hinson A, Anker SD. One-year follow-up results from AUGMENT-HF: a multicentre randomized controlled clinical trial of the efficacy of left ventricular augmentation with Algisyl in the treatment of heart failure. Eur J Heart Fail. 2016 Mar; 18(3):314-25.

Lee RJ, Lakkireddy D, Mittal S, Ellis C, Connor JT, Saville BR, Wilber D. Percutaneous alternative to the Maze procedure for the treatment of persistent or long-standing persistent atrial fibrillation (aMAZE trial): Rationale and design. Am Heart J. 2015 Dec; 170(6):1184-94.

Ito H, Kawamura M, Badhwar N, Vedantham V, Tseng ZH, Lee BK, Lee RJ, Marcus GM, Gerstenfeld EP, Scheinman MM. The Effect of Direct Current Stimulation versus T-Wave Shock on Defibrillation Threshold Testing. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2015 Oct; 38(10):1173-80.

Lee RJ, Hinson A, Bauernschmitt R, Matschke K, Fang Q, Mann DL, Dowling R, Schiller N, Sabbah HN. The feasibility and safety of Algisyl-LVR™ as a method of left ventricular augmentation in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy: initial first in man clinical results. Int J Cardiol. 2015 Nov 15; 199:18-24.

Anker SD, Coats AJ, Cristian G, Dragomir D, Pusineri E, Piredda M, Bettari L, Dowling R, Volterrani M, Kirwan BA, Filippatos G, Mas JL, Danchin N, Solomon SD, Lee RJ, Ahmann F, Hinson A, Sabbah HN, Mann DL. A prospective comparison of alginate-hydrogel with standard medical therapy to determine impact on functional capacity and clinical outcomes in patients with advanced heart failure (AUGMENT-HF trial). Eur Heart J. 2015 Sep 7; 36(34):2297-309.

Le D, Morelli R, Badhwar N, Lee RJ. Left atrial appendage occlusion for stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation. Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther. 2015; 13(8):907-14.

Kawamura M, Scheinman MM, Lee RJ, Badhwar N. Left atrial appendage ligation in patients with atrial fibrillation leads to a decrease in atrial dispersion. J Am Heart Assoc. 2015 May; 4(5).

Badhwar N, Lakkireddy D, Kawamura M, Han FT, Iyer SK, Moyers BS, Dewland TA, Woods C, Ferrell R, Nath J, Earnest M, Lee RJ. Sequential Percutaneous LAA Ligation and Pulmonary Vein Isolation in Patients with Persistent AF: Initial Results of a Feasibility Study. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2015 Jun; 26(6):608-14.

Yu J, Wu YK, Gu Y, Fang Q, Sievers R, Ding CH, Olgin JE, Lee RJ. Immuno-modification of enhancing stem cells targeting for myocardial repair. J Cell Mol Med. 2015 Jul; 19(7):1483-91.

Nguyen J, Sievers R, Motion JP, Kivimäe S, Fang Q, Lee RJ. Delivery of lipid micelles into infarcted myocardium using a lipid-linked matrix metalloproteinase targeting peptide. Mol Pharm. 2015 Apr 6; 12(4):1150-7.

Badhwar N, Tschopp DR, Lee RJ. Surgical and concomitant epicardial-endocardial (hybrid) ablation of persistent and long-standing persistent atrial fibrillation. Curr Probl Cardiol. 2015 Jun; 40(6):245-67.

Afzal MR, Kanmanthareddy A, Earnest M, Reddy M, Atkins D, Bommana S, Bartus K, Rasekh A, Han F, Badhwar N, Cheng J, Dibiase L, Ellis CR, Dawn B, Natale A, Lee RJ, Lakkireddy D. Impact of left atrial appendage exclusion using an epicardial ligation system (LARIAT) on atrial fibrillation burden in patients with cardiac implantable electronic devices. Heart Rhythm. 2015 Jan; 12(1):52-9.

Bartus K, Morelli RL, Szczepanski W, Kapelak B, Sadowski J, Lee RJ. Anatomic analysis of the left atrial appendage after closure with the LARIAT device. Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol. 2014 Aug; 7(4):764-7.

Pinney JR, Du KT, Ayala P, Fang Q, Sievers RE, Chew P, Delrosario L, Lee RJ, Desai TA. Discrete microstructural cues for the attenuation of fibrosis following myocardial infarction. Biomaterials. 2014 Oct; 35(31):8820-8.

Lee RJ. Evolution of stroke prevention in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation patients. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2014 Jul 8; 64(1):13-5.

Singh DK, Viswanathan MN, Tanel RE, Lee RJ, Lee BK, Marcus GM, Olgin JE, Han F, Vedantham V, Tseng ZH, Pellegrini C, Kawamura M, Gerstenfeld EP, Badhwar N, Scheinman M. His overdrive pacing during supraventricular tachycardia: a novel maneuver for distinguishing atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia from atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia. Heart Rhythm. 2014 Aug; 11(8):1327-35.

Stepanyan G, Badhwar N, Lee RJ, Marcus GM, Lee BK, Tseng ZH, Vedantham V, Olgin J, Scheinman M, Gerstenfeld EP. Safety of new oral anticoagulants for patients undergoing atrial fibrillation ablation. J Interv Card Electrophysiol. 2014 Jun; 40(1):33-8.

Kawamura M, Badhwar N, Vedantham V, Tseng ZH, Lee BK, Lee RJ, Marcus GM, Olgin JE, Gerstenfeld EP, Scheinman MM. Coupling interval dispersion and body mass index are independent predictors of idiopathic premature ventricular complex-induced cardiomyopathy. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2014 Jul; 25(7):756-62.

Koneru JN, Badhwar N, Ellenbogen KA, Lee RJ. LAA ligation using the LARIAT suture delivery device: tips and tricks for a successful procedure. Heart Rhythm. 2014 May; 11(5):911-21.

Boyle AJ, Hwang J, Ye J, Shih H, Jun K, Zhang Y, Fang Q, Sievers R, Yeghiazarians Y, Lee RJ. The effects of aging on apoptosis following myocardial infarction. Cardiovasc Ther. 2013 Dec; 31(6):e102-10.

Ye J, Hom DS, Hwang J, Yeghiazarians Y, Lee RJ, Boyle AJ. Aging Impairs the Proliferative Capacity of Cardiospheres, Cardiac Progenitor Cells and Cardiac Fibroblasts: Implications for Cell Therapy. J Clin Med. 2013; 2(3):103-14.

Hsu JC, Badhwar N, Gerstenfeld EP, Lee RJ, Mandyam MC, Dewland TA, Imburgia KE, Hoffmayer KS, Vedantham V, Lee BK, Tseng ZH, Scheinman MM, Olgin JE, Marcus GM. Randomized trial of conventional transseptal needle versus radiofrequency energy needle puncture for left atrial access (the TRAVERSE-LA study). J Am Heart Assoc. 2013 Oct; 2(5):e000428.

Mihardja SS, Gonzales JA, Gao D, Sievers RE, Fang Q, Stillson CA, Yu J, Peng M, Lee RJ. The effect of a peptide-modified thermo-reversible methylcellulose on wound healing and LV function in a chronic myocardial infarction rodent model. Biomaterials. 2013 Nov; 34(35):8869-77.

Hashem SI, Lam ML, Mihardja SS, White SM, Lee RJ, Claycomb WC. Shox2 regulates the pacemaker gene program in embryoid bodies. Stem Cells Dev. 2013 Nov 1; 22(21):2915-26.

Fang Q, Mok PY, Thomas AE, Haddad DJ, Saini SA, Clifford BT, Kapasi NK, Danforth OM, Usui M, Ye W, Luu E, Sharma R, Bartel MJ, Pathmanabhan JA, Ang AA, Sievers RE, Lee RJ, Springer ML. Pleiotrophin gene therapy for peripheral ischemia: evaluation of full-length and truncated gene variants. PLoS One. 2013; 8(4):e61413.

Lee LC, Wall ST, Klepach D, Ge L, Zhang Z, Lee RJ, Hinson A, Gorman JH, Gorman RC, Guccione JM. Algisyl-LVR™ with coronary artery bypass grafting reduces left ventricular wall stress and improves function in the failing human heart. Int J Cardiol. 2013 Oct 3; 168(3):2022-8.

Bartus K, Han FT, Bednarek J, Myc J, Kapelak B, Sadowski J, Lelakowski J, Bartus S, Yakubov SJ, Lee RJ. Percutaneous left atrial appendage suture ligation using the LARIAT device in patients with atrial fibrillation: initial clinical experience. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2013 Jul 9; 62(2):108-18.

Mihardja SS, Lee RJ. Using extracellular matrix-derived peptides to alter the microenvironment for myocardial repair. Curr Vasc Pharmacol. 2012 May; 10(3):342-6.

Mandyam MC, Vedantham V, Scheinman MM, Tseng ZH, Badhwar N, Lee BK, Lee RJ, Gerstenfeld EP, Olgin JE, Marcus GM. Alcohol and vagal tone as triggers for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. Am J Cardiol. 2012 Aug 1; 110(3):364-8.

Lee RJ, Hinson A, Helgerson S, Bauernschmitt R, Sabbah HN. Polymer-based restoration of left ventricular mechanics. Cell Transplant. 2013; 22(3):529-33.

Hsu JC, Friday J, Lee BK, Azadani PN, Lee RJ, Badhwar N, Tseng ZH, Olgin JE, Marcus GM. Predictors of axillary vein location for vascular access during pacemaker and defibrillator lead implantation. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2011 Dec; 34(12):1585-92.

Hoffmayer KS, Yang Y, Joseph S, McCabe JM, Bhave P, Hsu J, Ng RK, Lee BK, Badhwar N, Lee RJ, Tseng ZH, Olgin JE, Narayan SM, Marcus GM, Scheinman MM. Predictors of unusual ECG characteristics in cavotricuspid isthmus-dependent atrial flutter ablation. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2011 Oct; 34(10):1251-7.

Iwai S, Badhwar N, Markowitz SM, Stambler BS, Keung E, Lee RJ, Chung JH, Olgin JE, Scheinman MM, Lerman BB. Electrophysiologic properties of para-Hisian atrial tachycardia. Heart Rhythm. 2011 Aug; 8(8):1245-53.

Mihardja SS, Yu J, Lee RJ. Extracellular matrix-derived peptides and myocardial repair. Cell Adh Migr. 2011 Mar-Apr; 5(2):111-3.

Shih H, Lee B, Lee RJ, Boyle AJ. The aging heart and post-infarction left ventricular remodeling. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2011 Jan 4; 57(1):9-17.

Ritner C, Wong SS, King FW, Mihardja SS, Liszewski W, Erle DJ, Lee RJ, Bernstein HS. An engineered cardiac reporter cell line identifies human embryonic stem cell-derived myocardial precursors. PLoS One. 2011; 6(1):e16004.

Huang NF, Kurpinski K, Fang Q, Lee RJ, Li S. Proteomic identification of biomarkers of vascular injury. Am J Transl Res. 2011 Feb; 3(2):139-48.

Bartus K, Bednarek J, Myc J, Kapelak B, Sadowski J, Lelakowski J, Yakubov SJ, Lee RJ. Feasibility of closed-chest ligation of the left atrial appendage in humans. Heart Rhythm. 2011 Feb; 8(2):188-93.

Yang Y, Varma N, Badhwar N, Tanel RE, Sundara S, Lee RJ, Lee BK, Tseng ZH, Marcus GM, Kim AM, Olgin JE, Scheinman MM. Prospective observations in the clinical and electrophysiological characteristics of intra-isthmus reentry. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2010 Oct; 21(10):1099-106.

Yu J, Du KT, Fang Q, Gu Y, Mihardja SS, Sievers RE, Wu JC, Lee RJ. The use of human mesenchymal stem cells encapsulated in RGD modified alginate microspheres in the repair of myocardial infarction in the rat. Biomaterials. 2010 Sep; 31(27):7012-20.

Huang NF, Chu J, Lee RJ, Li S. Biophysical and chemical effects of fibrin on mesenchymal stromal cell gene expression. Acta Biomater. 2010 Oct; 6(10):3947-56.

Lee RJ, Bartus K, Yakubov SJ. Catheter-based left atrial appendage (LAA) ligation for the prevention of embolic events arising from the LAA: initial experience in a canine model. Circ Cardiovasc Interv. 2010 Jun 1; 3(3):224-9.

Mihardja SS, Gao D, Sievers RE, Fang Q, Feng J, Wang J, Vanbrocklin HF, Larrick JW, Huang M, Dae M, Lee RJ. Targeted in vivo extracellular matrix formation promotes neovascularization in a rodent model of myocardial infarction. PLoS One. 2010; 5(4):e10384.

Ding C, Gepstein L, Nguyen DT, Wilson E, Hulley G, Beaser A, Lee RJ, Olgin J. High-resolution optical mapping of ventricular tachycardia in rats with chronic myocardial infarction. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2010 Jun 1; 33(6):687-95.

Huang NF, Lee RJ, Li S. Engineering of aligned skeletal muscle by micropatterning. Am J Transl Res. 2010; 2(1):43-55.

Lee RJ. Stem cells for myocardial repair and regeneration: where are we today? Methods Mol Biol. 2010; 660:1-6.

Marcus GM, Smith LM, Ordovas K, Scheinman MM, Kim AM, Badhwar N, Lee RJ, Tseng ZH, Lee BK, Olgin JE. Intracardiac and extracardiac markers of inflammation during atrial fibrillation. Heart Rhythm. 2010; 7(2):149-54.

Hsu JC, Tanel RE, Lee BK, Scheinman MM, Badhwar N, Lee RJ, Tseng ZH, Olgin JE, Marcus GM. Differences in accessory pathway location by sex and race. Heart Rhythm. 2010 Jan; 7(1):52-6.

Sakhuja R, Smith LM, Tseng ZH, Badhwar N, Lee BK, Lee RJ, Scheinman MM, Olgin JE, Marcus GM. Test characteristics of neck fullness and witnessed neck pulsations in the diagnosis of typical AV nodal reentrant tachycardia. Clin Cardiol. 2009 Aug; 32(8):E13-8.

Huang NF, Lam A, Fang Q, Sievers RE, Li S, Lee RJ. Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells in fibrin augment angiogenesis in the chronically infarcted myocardium. Regen Med. 2009 Jul; 4(4):527-38.

Cao F, Xie X, Gollan T, Zhao L, Narsinh K, Lee RJ, Wu JC. Comparison of gene-transfer efficiency in human embryonic stem cells. Mol Imaging Biol. 2010 Jan-Feb; 12(1):15-24.

Kim AM, Badhwar N, Lee RJ. Remote navigation guided ablation of incessant atrial tachycardia in a patient with restricted venous access. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2009 Sep; 20(9):1061-4.

Yu J, Christman KL, Chin E, Sievers RE, Saeed M, Lee RJ. Restoration of left ventricular geometry and improvement of left ventricular function in a rodent model of chronic ischemic cardiomyopathy. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2009 Jan; 137(1):180-7.

Yu J, Gu Y, Du KT, Mihardja S, Sievers RE, Lee RJ. The effect of injected RGD modified alginate on angiogenesis and left ventricular function in a chronic rat infarct model. Biomaterials. 2009 Feb; 30(5):751-6.

Kim AM, Turakhia M, Lu J, Badhwar N, Lee BK, Lee RJ, Marcus GM, Tseng ZH, Scheinman M, Olgin JE. Impact of remote magnetic catheter navigation on ablation fluoroscopy and procedure time. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2008 Nov; 31(11):1399-404.

McCabe JM, Smith LM, Tseng ZH, Badhwar N, Lee BK, Lee RJ, Scheinman MM, Olgin JE, Marcus GM. Protracted CRP elevation after atrial fibrillation ablation. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2008 Sep; 31(9):1146-51.

Mihardja SS, Sievers RE, Lee RJ. The effect of polypyrrole on arteriogenesis in an acute rat infarct model. Biomaterials. 2008 Nov; 29(31):4205-10.

Heiss C, Wong ML, Block VI, Lao D, Real WM, Yeghiazarians Y, Lee RJ, Springer ML. Pleiotrophin induces nitric oxide dependent migration of endothelial progenitor cells. J Cell Physiol. 2008 May; 215(2):366-73.

Marcus GM, Smith LM, Whiteman D, Tseng ZH, Badhwar N, Lee BK, Lee RJ, Scheinman MM, Olgin JE. Alcohol intake is significantly associated with atrial flutter in patients under 60 years of age and a shorter right atrial effective refractory period. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2008 Mar; 31(3):266-72.

Zhao TC, Tseng A, Yano N, Tseng Y, Davol PA, Lee RJ, Lum LG, Padbury JF. Targeting human CD34+ hematopoietic stem cells with anti-CD45 x anti-myosin light-chain bispecific antibody preserves cardiac function in myocardial infarction. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2008 Jun; 104(6):1793-800.

Marcus GM, Smith LM, Vittinghoff E, Tseng ZH, Badhwar N, Lee BK, Lee RJ, Scheinman MM, Olgin JE. A first-degree family history in lone atrial fibrillation patients. Heart Rhythm. 2008 Jun; 5(6):826-30.

Marcus GM, Smith LM, Glidden DV, Wilson E, McCabe JM, Whiteman D, Tseng ZH, Badhwar N, Lee BK, Lee RJ, Scheinman MM, Olgin JE. Markers of inflammation before and after curative ablation of atrial flutter. Heart Rhythm. 2008 Feb; 5(2):215-21.

Gu Y, Yu J, Lum LG, Lee RJ. Tissue engineering and stem cell therapy for myocardial repair. Front Biosci. 2007; 12:5157-65.

Huang NF, Lee RJ, Li S. Chemical and physical regulation of stem cells and progenitor cells: potential for cardiovascular tissue engineering. Tissue Eng. 2007 Aug; 13(8):1809-23.

Takagawa J, Zhang Y, Wong ML, Sievers RE, Kapasi NK, Wang Y, Yeghiazarians Y, Lee RJ, Grossman W, Springer ML. Myocardial infarct size measurement in the mouse chronic infarction model: comparison of area- and length-based approaches. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2007 Jun; 102(6):2104-11.

Lee RJ, Fang Q, Davol PA, Gu Y, Sievers RE, Grabert RC, Gall JM, Tsang E, Yee MS, Fok H, Huang NF, Padbury JF, Larrick JW, Lum LG. Antibody targeting of stem cells to infarcted myocardium. Stem Cells. 2007 Mar; 25(3):712-7.

Marcus GM, Ren X, Tseng ZH, Badhwar N, Lee BK, Lee RJ, Foster E, Olgin JE. Repeat transseptal catheterization after ablation for atrial fibrillation. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2007 Jan; 18(1):55-9.

Marcus GM, Yang Y, Varosy PD, Ordovas K, Tseng ZH, Badhwar N, Lee BK, Lee RJ, Scheinman MM, Olgin JE. Regional left atrial voltage in patients with atrial fibrillation. Heart Rhythm. 2007 Feb; 4(2):138-44.

Nakai T, Chandy J, Nakai K, Bellows WH, Flachsbart K, Lee RJ, Leung JM. Histologic assessment of right atrial appendage myocardium in patients with atrial fibrillation after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Cardiology. 2007; 108(2):90-6.

Christman KL, Lee RJ. Biomaterials for the treatment of myocardial infarction. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2006 Sep 5; 48(5):907-13.

Saeed M, Martin AJ, Lee RJ, Weber O, Revel D, Saloner D, Higgins CB. MR guidance of targeted injections into border and core of scarred myocardium in pigs. Radiology. 2006 Aug; 240(2):419-26.

Huang NF, Patel S, Thakar RG, Wu J, Hsiao BS, Chu B, Lee RJ, Li S. Myotube assembly on nanofibrous and micropatterned polymers. Nano Lett. 2006 Mar; 6(3):537-42.

Huang NF, Sievers RE, Park JS, Fang Q, Li S, Lee RJ. A rodent model of myocardial infarction for testing the efficacy of cells and polymers for myocardial reconstruction. Nat Protoc. 2006; 1(3):1596-609.

Lum LG, Davol PA, Lee RJ. The new face of bispecific antibodies: targeting cancer and much more. Exp Hematol. 2006 Jan; 34(1):1-6.

Saeed M, Lee RJ, Weber O, Do L, Martin A, Ursell P, Saloner D, Higgins CB. Scarred myocardium imposes additional burden on remote viable myocardium despite a reduction in the extent of area with late contrast MR enhancement. Eur Radiol. 2006 Apr; 16(4):827-36.

Huang NF, Yu J, Sievers R, Li S, Lee RJ. Injectable biopolymers enhance angiogenesis after myocardial infarction. Tissue Eng. 2005 Nov-Dec; 11(11-12):1860-6.

Badhwar N, Kalman JM, Sparks PB, Kistler PM, Attari M, Berger M, Lee RJ, Sra J, Scheinman MM. Atrial tachycardia arising from the coronary sinus musculature: electrophysiological characteristics and long-term outcomes of radiofrequency ablation. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2005 Nov 15; 46(10):1921-30.

Lum LG, Padbury JF, Davol PA, Lee RJ. Virtual reality of stem cell transplantation to repair injured myocardium. J Cell Biochem. 2005 Aug 1; 95(5):869-74.

Christman KL, Fang Q, Kim AJ, Sievers RE, Fok HH, Candia AF, Colley KJ, Herradon G, Ezquerra L, Deuel TF, Lee RJ. Pleiotrophin induces formation of functional neovasculature in vivo. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2005 Jul 15; 332(4):1146-52.

Cheng J, Yang Y, Ursell PC, Lee RJ, Dorostkar PC, Boahene KA, Scheinman MM. Protected circumferential conduction in the posterior atrioventricular vestibule of the left atrium: electrophysiologic and anatomic correlates. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2005 Jul; 28(7):692-701.

Christman KL, Fang Q, Yee MS, Johnson KR, Sievers RE, Lee RJ. Enhanced neovasculature formation in ischemic myocardium following delivery of pleiotrophin plasmid in a biopolymer. Biomaterials. 2005 Apr; 26(10):1139-44.

Christman KL, Vardanian AJ, Fang Q, Sievers RE, Fok HH, Lee RJ. Injectable fibrin scaffold improves cell transplant survival, reduces infarct expansion, and induces neovasculature formation in ischemic myocardium. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2004 Aug 4; 44(3):654-60.

Christman KL, Fok HH, Sievers RE, Fang Q, Lee RJ. Fibrin glue alone and skeletal myoblasts in a fibrin scaffold preserve cardiac function after myocardial infarction. Tissue Eng. 2004 Mar-Apr; 10(3-4):403-9.

Matsushita T, Badhwar N, Collins KK, Van Hare GF, Barbato G, Lee BK, Lee RJ, Scheinman MM. Usefulness of a ventricular extrastimulus from the summit of the ventricular septum in diagnosis of septal accessory pathway in patients with supraventricular tachycardia. Am J Cardiol. 2004 Mar 1; 93(5):643-6.

Chandy J, Nakai T, Lee RJ, Bellows WH, Dzankic S, Leung JM. Increases in P-wave dispersion predict postoperative atrial fibrillation after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Anesth Analg. 2004 Feb; 98(2):303-10, table of contents.

Lum LG, Fok H, Sievers R, Abedi M, Quesenberry PJ, Lee RJ. Targeting of Lin-Sca+ hematopoietic stem cells with bispecific antibodies to injured myocardium. Blood Cells Mol Dis. 2004 Jan-Feb; 32(1):82-7.

Huang NF, Thakar RG, Wong M, Kim D, Lee RJ, Li S. Tissue engineering of muscle on micropatterned polymer films. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2004; 7:4966-9.

Wu MC, Gao DW, Sievers RE, Lee RJ, Hasegawa BH, Dae MW. Pinhole single-photon emission computed tomography for myocardial perfusion imaging of mice. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2003 Aug 6; 42(3):576-82.

Bochoeyer A, Yang Y, Cheng J, Lee RJ, Keung EC, Marrouche NF, Natale A, Scheinman MM. Surface electrocardiographic characteristics of right and left atrial flutter. Circulation. 2003 Jul 8; 108(1):60-6.

Zhu BQ, Sievers RE, Browne AE, Lee RJ, Chatterjee K, Grossman W, Karliner JS, Parmley WW. Comparative effects of aspirin with ACE inhibitor or angiotensin receptor blocker on myocardial infarction and vascular function. J Renin Angiotensin Aldosterone Syst. 2003 Mar; 4(1):31-7.

Zaugg CE, Ziegler A, Lee RJ, Barbosa V, Buser PT. Postresuscitation stunning: postfibrillatory myocardial dysfunction caused by reduced myofilament Ca2+ responsiveness after ventricular fibrillation-induced myocyte Ca2+ overload. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2002 Oct; 13(10):1017-24.

Nakai T, Lesh MD, Gerstenfeld EP, Virmani R, Jones R, Lee RJ. Percutaneous left atrial appendage occlusion (PLAATO) for preventing cardioembolism: first experience in canine model. Circulation. 2002 May 7; 105(18):2217-22.

Zhu BQ, Sievers RE, Browne AE, Hillman RT, Chair K, Lee RJ, Chatterjee K, Glantz SA, Parmley WW. The renin-angiotensin system does not contribute to the endothelial dysfunction and increased infarct size in rats exposed to second hand smoke. J Renin Angiotensin Aldosterone Syst. 2002 Mar; 3(1):54-60.

Nakai T, Lee RJ, Schiller NB, Bellows WH, Dzankic S, Reeves J, Romson J, Ferguson S, Leung JM. The relative importance of left atrial function versus dimension in predicting atrial fibrillation after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Am Heart J. 2002 Jan; 143(1):181-6.

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