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UCSF Cardiology
Transforming medicine through innovation and collaboration.
Department of Medicine

Faculty Profiles

Elyse Foster, MD
M_MED-CARD-CORE
Professor

505 Parnassus Avenue
San Francisco, CA 94117
415-353-9156
Elyse.Foster@ucsf.edu

CLINICAL INTERESTS: Elyse Foster is a cardiologist with special interests in Non-Invasive Cardiology, in particular, Echocardiography, Congenital Heart Disease in the Adult Population and Valvular Heart Disease. Her clinical interests include the use of transthoracic, stress, transesophageal and three-dimensional echocardiography and the diagnosis and management of valvular heart disease, cardiomyopathies, pericardial disease and congenital heart disease. Additionally her interests include the management of heart disease in pregnancy.


RESEARCH INTERESTS: Elyse Foster runs a core echocardiography laboratory for interpretation of echocardiograms evaluating novel cardiac therapies for the treatment of heart failure and valvular heart disease. These include cardiac resynchronization therapy with biventricular pacing and percutaneous treatment of mitral regurgitation. Additional research interests include the study of clinical applications of echocardiography, the natural history of congenital heart disease and mechanisms of valvular dysfunction

Education and Training

Location Degree or Training Specialty Date
Tufts University M.D. School of Medicine 1977

Related Web Sites

Awarded Grants

Project Title Project Number Fiscal Year
ACHA Research Symposium Adult Congenital Heart Disease R13HL086352 2007
CARDIAC ULTRASOUND SYSTEM AT UCSF S10RR013923 2001
Recent Articles (210)

Mukai K, Burris NS, Mahadevan VS, Foster ED, Ordovas KG, Hope MD. 4D flow image quality with blood pool contrast: a comparison of gadofosveset trisodium and ferumoxytol. Int J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2017 Sep 08.

Hayward RM, Foster E, Tseng ZH. Maternal and Fetal Outcomes of Admission for Delivery in Women With Congenital Heart Disease. JAMA Cardiol. 2017 Jun 01; 2(6):664-671.

Vemulapalli S, Lippmann SJ, Krucoff M, Hernandez AF, Curtis LH, Foster E, Qasim A, Wang A, Glower DD, Feldman T, Hammill BG. Cardiovascular events and hospital resource utilization pre- and post-transcatheter mitral valve repair in high-surgical risk patients. Am Heart J. 2017 Jul; 189:146-157.

Zoghbi WA, Adams D, Bonow RO, Enriquez-Sarano M, Foster E, Grayburn PA, Hahn RT, Han Y, Hung J, Lang RM, Little SH, Shah DJ, Shernan S, Thavendiranathan P, Thomas JD, Weissman NJ. Recommendations for Noninvasive Evaluation of Native Valvular Regurgitation: A Report from the American Society of Echocardiography Developed in Collaboration with the Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2017 Apr; 30(4):303-371.

Agarwal A, Harris IS, Mahadevan VS, Foster E. Coexistence of abnormal systolic motion of mitral valve in a consecutive group of 324 adult Tetralogy of Fallot patients assessed with echocardiography. Open Heart. 2016; 3(2):e000518.

Ordovas KG, Keedy A, Naeger DM, Kallianos K, Foster E, Liu J, Saloner D, Hope MD. Dilatation of the ascending aorta is associated with presence of aortic regurgitation in patients after repair of tetralogy of Fallot. Int J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2016 Aug; 32(8):1265-72.

Dewland TA, Bibbins-Domingo K, Lin F, Vittinghoff E, Foster E, Ogunyankin KO, Lima JA, Jacobs DR, Hu D, Burchard EG, Marcus GM. Racial Differences in Left Atrial Size: Results from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study. PLoS One. 2016; 11(3):e0151559.

Feldman T, Kar S, Elmariah S, Smart SC, Trento A, Siegel RJ, Apruzzese P, Fail P, Rinaldi MJ, Smalling RW, Hermiller JB, Heimansohn D, Gray WA, Grayburn PA, Mack MJ, Lim DS, Ailawadi G, Herrmann HC, Acker MA, Silvestry FE, Foster E, Wang A, Glower DD, Mauri L. Randomized Comparison of Percutaneous Repair and Surgery for Mitral Regurgitation: 5-Year Results of EVEREST II. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2015 Dec 29; 66(25):2844-2854.

Hameed AB, Lawton ES, McCain CL, Morton CH, Mitchell C, Main EK, Foster E. Pregnancy-related cardiovascular deaths in California: beyond peripartum cardiomyopathy. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2015 Sep; 213(3):379.e1-10.

Bhatt AB, Foster E, Kuehl K, Alpert J, Brabeck S, Crumb S, Davidson WR, Earing MG, Ghoshhajra BB, Karamlou T, Mital S, Ting J, Tseng ZH. Congenital heart disease in the older adult: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2015 May 26; 131(21):1884-931.

Lang RM, Badano LP, Mor-Avi V, Afilalo J, Armstrong A, Ernande L, Flachskampf FA, Foster E, Goldstein SA, Kuznetsova T, Lancellotti P, Muraru D, Picard MH, Rietzschel ER, Rudski L, Spencer KT, Tsang W, Voigt JU. Recommendations for cardiac chamber quantification by echocardiography in adults: an update from the American Society of Echocardiography and the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2015 Mar; 16(3):233-70.

Lang RM, Badano LP, Mor-Avi V, Afilalo J, Armstrong A, Ernande L, Flachskampf FA, Foster E, Goldstein SA, Kuznetsova T, Lancellotti P, Muraru D, Picard MH, Rietzschel ER, Rudski L, Spencer KT, Tsang W, Voigt JU. Recommendations for cardiac chamber quantification by echocardiography in adults: an update from the American Society of Echocardiography and the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2015 Jan; 28(1):1-39.e14.

Wang A, Sangli C, Lim S, Ailawadi G, Kar S, Herrmann HC, Grayburn P, Foster E, Weissman NJ, Glower D, Feldman T. Evaluation of renal function before and after percutaneous mitral valve repair. Circ Cardiovasc Interv. 2015 Jan; 8(1).

Ruwald MH, Solomon SD, Foster E, Kutyifa V, Ruwald AC, Sherazi S, McNitt S, Jons C, Moss AJ, Zareba W. Left ventricular ejection fraction normalization in cardiac resynchronization therapy and risk of ventricular arrhythmias and clinical outcomes: results from the Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial With Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy (MADIT-CRT) trial. Circulation. 2014 Dec 23; 130(25):2278-86.

Thadani SR, Foster E. Echocardiographic evaluation in transposition of the great arteries in the adult. Echocardiography. 2015 Jan; 32 Suppl 2:S157-65.

Goldenberg I, Kutyifa V, Klein HU, Cannom DS, Brown MW, Dan A, Daubert JP, Estes NA, Foster E, Greenberg H, Kautzner J, Klempfner R, Kuniss M, Merkely B, Pfeffer MA, Quesada A, Viskin S, McNitt S, Polonsky B, Ghanem A, Solomon SD, Wilber D, Zareba W, Moss AJ. Survival with cardiac-resynchronization therapy in mild heart failure. N Engl J Med. 2014 May 01; 370(18):1694-701.

Slyngstad T, Huth Ruwald AC, Kutyifa V, McNitt S, Polonsky B, Solomon SD, Foster E, Goldenberg I, Wang PJ, Klein H, Zareba W, Moss AJ. Cardiac resynchronization therapy is associated with reductions in left atrial volume and inappropriate implantable cardioverter-defibrillator therapy in MADIT-CRT. Heart Rhythm. 2014 Jun; 11(6):1001-7.

Ge Y, Ruwald AC, Kutyifa V, McNitt S, Polonsky S, Klein H, Goldenberg I, Solomon SD, Foster E, Zareba W, Moss AJ. A metric for evaluating the cardiac response to resynchronization therapy. Am J Cardiol. 2014 Apr 15; 113(8):1371-7.

DeFaria Yeh D, Foster E. Is MRI the preferred method for evaluating right ventricular size and function in patients with congenital heart disease?: MRI is not the preferred method for evaluating right ventricular size and function in patients with congenital heart disease. Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 2014 Jan; 7(1):198-205.

DeFaria Yeh D, Foster E. Response to Geva. Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 2014 Jan; 7(1):197.

Giglia TM, Massicotte MP, Tweddell JS, Barst RJ, Bauman M, Erickson CC, Feltes TF, Foster E, Hinoki K, Ichord RN, Kreutzer J, McCrindle BW, Newburger JW, Tabbutt S, Todd JL, Webb CL. Prevention and treatment of thrombosis in pediatric and congenital heart disease: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2013 Dec 17; 128(24):2622-703.

Hayward RM, Ursell PC, Foster E, Tseng ZH. Sudden death due to nonarrhythmic cause in a patient with L-TGA. Ann Noninvasive Electrocardiol. 2014 May; 19(3):293-7.

Grayburn PA, Foster E, Sangli C, Weissman NJ, Massaro J, Glower DG, Feldman T, Mauri L. Relationship between the magnitude of reduction in mitral regurgitation severity and left ventricular and left atrial reverse remodeling after MitraClip therapy. Circulation. 2013 Oct 08; 128(15):1667-74.

Kohi MP, Ordovas KG, Naeger DM, Meadows AK, Foster E, Higgins CB. CMR assessment of right ventricular function in patients with combined pulmonary stenosis and insufficiency after correction of tetralogy of Fallot. Acta Radiol. 2013 Dec; 54(10):1132-7.

Mauri L, Foster E, Glower DD, Apruzzese P, Massaro JM, Herrmann HC, Hermiller J, Gray W, Wang A, Pedersen WR, Bajwa T, Lasala J, Low R, Grayburn P, Feldman T. 4-year results of a randomized controlled trial of percutaneous repair versus surgery for mitral regurgitation. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2013 Jul 23; 62(4):317-28.

Foster E, Kwan D, Feldman T, Weissman NJ, Grayburn PA, Schwartz A, Rogers JH, Kar S, Rinaldi MJ, Fail PS, Hermiller J, Whitlow PL, Herrmann HC, Lim DS, Glower DD. Percutaneous mitral valve repair in the initial EVEREST cohort: evidence of reverse left ventricular remodeling. Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 2013 Jul; 6(4):522-30.

Rao RK, Foster E. Rethinking mitral valve surgery during the golden years. Circulation. 2013 May 07; 127(18):1843-6.

Campbell P, Takeuchi M, Bourgoun M, Shah A, Foster E, Brown MW, Goldenberg I, Huang DT, McNitt S, Hall WJ, Moss A, Pfeffer MA, Solomon SD. Right ventricular function, pulmonary pressure estimation, and clinical outcomes in cardiac resynchronization therapy. Circ Heart Fail. 2013 May; 6(3):435-42.

Armstrong EJ, Rogers JH, Swan CH, Upadhyaya D, Viloria E, McCulloch C, Slater J, Qureshi M, Williams J, Whisenant B, Feldman T, Foster E. Echocardiographic predictors of single versus dual MitraClip device implantation and long-term reduction of mitral regurgitation after percutaneous repair. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2013 Oct 01; 82(4):673-9.

Bansal N, Keane M, Delafontaine P, Dries D, Foster E, Gadegbeku CA, Go AS, Hamm LL, Kusek JW, Ojo AO, Rahman M, Tao K, Wright JT, Xie D, Hsu CY. A longitudinal study of left ventricular function and structure from CKD to ESRD: the CRIC study. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2013 Mar; 8(3):355-62.

Knappe D, Pouleur AC, Shah AM, Bourgoun M, Brown MW, Foster E, Pfeffer MA, Moss AJ, Solomon SD. Acute effects of withdrawal of cardiac resynchronization therapy on left and right ventricular function, dyssynchrony, and contractile function in patients with New York Heart Association functional class I/II heart failure: MADIT-CRT. J Card Fail. 2013 Mar; 19(3):149-55.

Bhave PD, Foster E, Dhaliwal G. Clinical problem-solving. A missed connection. N Engl J Med. 2012 Dec 06; 367(23):2241-7.

Hope MD, Wrenn J, Sigovan M, Foster E, Tseng EE, Saloner D. Imaging biomarkers of aortic disease: increased growth rates with eccentric systolic flow. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2012 Jul 24; 60(4):356-7.

Hsu JC, Solomon SD, Bourgoun M, McNitt S, Goldenberg I, Klein H, Moss AJ, Foster E. Predictors of super-response to cardiac resynchronization therapy and associated improvement in clinical outcome: the MADIT-CRT (multicenter automatic defibrillator implantation trial with cardiac resynchronization therapy) study. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2012 Jun 19; 59(25):2366-73.

Herrmann HC, Gertz ZM, Silvestry FE, Wiegers SE, Woo YJ, Hermiller J, Segar D, Heimansohn D, Gray W, Homma S, Argenziano M, Wang A, Jollis J, Lampert MB, Alexander J, Mauri L, Foster E, Glower D, Feldman T. Effects of atrial fibrillation on treatment of mitral regurgitation in the EVEREST II (Endovascular Valve Edge-to-Edge Repair Study) randomized trial. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2012 Apr 03; 59(14):1312-9.

Glower D, Ailawadi G, Argenziano M, Mack M, Trento A, Wang A, Lim DS, Gray W, Grayburn P, Dent J, Gillam L, Sethuraman B, Feldman T, Foster E, Mauri L, Kron I. EVEREST II randomized clinical trial: predictors of mitral valve replacement in de novo surgery or after the MitraClip procedure. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2012 Apr; 143(4 Suppl):S60-3.

Levine GN, Steinke EE, Bakaeen FG, Bozkurt B, Cheitlin MD, Conti JB, Foster E, Jaarsma T, Kloner RA, Lange RA, Lindau ST, Maron BJ, Moser DK, Ohman EM, Seftel AD, Stewart WJ. Sexual activity and cardiovascular disease: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2012 Feb 28; 125(8):1058-72.

Whitlow PL, Feldman T, Pedersen WR, Lim DS, Kipperman R, Smalling R, Bajwa T, Herrmann HC, Lasala J, Maddux JT, Tuzcu M, Kapadia S, Trento A, Siegel RJ, Foster E, Glower D, Mauri L, Kar S. Acute and 12-month results with catheter-based mitral valve leaflet repair: the EVEREST II (Endovascular Valve Edge-to-Edge Repair) High Risk Study. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2012 Jan 10; 59(2):130-9.

Rouine-Rapp K, Russell IA, Foster E. Congenital heart disease in the adult. Int Anesthesiol Clin. 2012; 50(2):16-39.

Ordovas KG, Carlsson M, Lease KE, Foster E, Meadows AK, Martin AJ, Hope M, Do L, Higgins CB, Saeed M. Impaired regional left ventricular strain after repair of tetralogy of Fallot. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2012 Jan; 35(1):79-85.

Brenyo A, Link MS, Barsheshet A, Moss AJ, Zareba W, Wang PJ, McNitt S, Huang D, Foster E, Estes M, Solomon SD, Goldenberg I. Cardiac resynchronization therapy reduces left atrial volume and the risk of atrial tachyarrhythmias in MADIT-CRT (Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial with Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy). J Am Coll Cardiol. 2011 Oct 11; 58(16):1682-9.

Hope MD, Dyverfeldt P, Acevedo-Bolton G, Wrenn J, Foster E, Tseng E, Saloner D. Post-stenotic dilation: evaluation of ascending aortic dilation with 4D flow MR imaging. Int J Cardiol. 2012 Apr 19; 156(2):e40-2.

Goldenberg I, Moss AJ, Hall WJ, Foster E, Goldberger JJ, Santucci P, Shinn T, Solomon S, Steinberg JS, Wilber D, Barsheshet A, McNitt S, Zareba W, Klein H. Predictors of response to cardiac resynchronization therapy in the Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial with Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy (MADIT-CRT). Circulation. 2011 Oct 04; 124(14):1527-36.

Foster E. The role of exercise testing for predicting pregnancy outcomes in women with congenital heart disease. Curr Cardiol Rep. 2011 Aug; 13(4):269-70.

DeFaria Yeh D, Lonergan KL, Fu D, Yeh RW, Echt DS, Foster E. Clinical factors and echocardiographic techniques related to the presence, size, and location of acoustic windows for leadless cardiac pacing. Europace. 2011 Dec; 13(12):1760-5.

Barsheshet A, Wang PJ, Moss AJ, Solomon SD, Al-Ahmad A, McNitt S, Foster E, Huang DT, Klein HU, Zareba W, Eldar M, Goldenberg I. Reverse remodeling and the risk of ventricular tachyarrhythmias in the MADIT-CRT (Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial-Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy). J Am Coll Cardiol. 2011 Jun 14; 57(24):2416-23.

Cepkova M, Kapur V, Ren X, Quinn T, Zhuo H, Foster E, Matthay MA, Liu KD. Clinical significance of elevated B-type natriuretic peptide in patients with acute lung injury with or without right ventricular dilatation: an observational cohort study. Ann Intensive Care. 2011 Jun 13; 1(1):18.

Pouleur AC, Knappe D, Shah AM, Uno H, Bourgoun M, Foster E, McNitt S, Hall WJ, Zareba W, Goldenberg I, Moss AJ, Pfeffer MA, Solomon SD. Relationship between improvement in left ventricular dyssynchrony and contractile function and clinical outcome with cardiac resynchronization therapy: the MADIT-CRT trial. Eur Heart J. 2011 Jul; 32(14):1720-9.

Knappe D, Pouleur AC, Shah AM, Cheng S, Uno H, Hall WJ, Bourgoun M, Foster E, Zareba W, Goldenberg I, McNitt S, Pfeffer MA, Moss AJ, Solomon SD. Dyssynchrony, contractile function, and response to cardiac resynchronization therapy. Circ Heart Fail. 2011 Jul; 4(4):433-40.

Siegel RJ, Biner S, Rafique AM, Rinaldi M, Lim S, Fail P, Hermiller J, Smalling R, Whitlow PL, Herrmann HC, Foster E, Feldman T, Glower D, Kar S. The acute hemodynamic effects of MitraClip therapy. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2011 Apr 19; 57(16):1658-65.

Feldman T, Foster E, Glower DD, Glower DG, Kar S, Rinaldi MJ, Fail PS, Smalling RW, Siegel R, Rose GA, Engeron E, Loghin C, Trento A, Skipper ER, Fudge T, Letsou GV, Massaro JM, Mauri L. Percutaneous repair or surgery for mitral regurgitation. N Engl J Med. 2011 Apr 14; 364(15):1395-406.

Shah AD, Foster E, Cucina RJ. Mitral regurgitation and pulmonary edema. J Gen Intern Med. 2011 Sep; 26(9):1075-6.

Sable C, Foster E, Uzark K, Bjornsen K, Canobbio MM, Connolly HM, Graham TP, Gurvitz MZ, Kovacs A, Meadows AK, Reid GJ, Reiss JG, Rosenbaum KN, Sagerman PJ, Saidi A, Schonberg R, Shah S, Tong E, Williams RG. Best practices in managing transition to adulthood for adolescents with congenital heart disease: the transition process and medical and psychosocial issues: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2011 Apr 05; 123(13):1454-85.

Sung RK, Foster E. Assessment of systolic dyssynchrony for cardiac resynchronization therapy is not clinically useful. Circulation. 2011 Feb 15; 123(6):656-62.

Arshad A, Moss AJ, Foster E, Padeletti L, Barsheshet A, Goldenberg I, Greenberg H, Hall WJ, McNitt S, Zareba W, Solomon S, Steinberg JS. Cardiac resynchronization therapy is more effective in women than in men: the MADIT-CRT (Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial with Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy) trial. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2011 Feb 15; 57(7):813-20.

Hoffmayer KS, Zellner C, Kwan DM, Konety S, Foster E, Moore P, Yeghiazarians Y. Closure of a para-valvular aortic leak: with the use of 2 AMPLATZER devices and real-time 2- and 3-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography. Tex Heart Inst J. 2011; 38(1):81-4.

Longenecker CT, Mondo C, Le VV, Jensen TP, Foster E. HIV infection is not associated with echocardiographic signs of cardiomyopathy or pulmonary hypertension among pregnant Ugandan women. Int J Cardiol. 2011 Mar 03; 147(2):300-2.

Greenland P, Alpert JS, Beller GA, Benjamin EJ, Budoff MJ, Fayad ZA, Foster E, Hlatky MA, Hodgson JM, Kushner FG, Lauer MS, Shaw LJ, Smith SC, Taylor AJ, Weintraub WS, Wenger NK, Jacobs AK, Smith SC, Anderson JL, Albert N, Buller CE, Creager MA, Ettinger SM, Guyton RA, Halperin JL, Hochman JS, Kushner FG, Nishimura R, Ohman EM, Page RL, Stevenson WG, Tarkington LG, Yancy CW. 2010 ACCF/AHA guideline for assessment of cardiovascular risk in asymptomatic adults: a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2010 Dec 14; 56(25):e50-103.

Greenland P, Alpert JS, Beller GA, Benjamin EJ, Budoff MJ, Fayad ZA, Foster E, Hlatky MA, Hodgson JM, Kushner FG, Lauer MS, Shaw LJ, Smith SC, Taylor AJ, Weintraub WS, Wenger NK, Jacobs AK. 2010 ACCF/AHA guideline for assessment of cardiovascular risk in asymptomatic adults: a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. Circulation. 2010 Dec 21; 122(25):e584-636.

Greenland P, Alpert JS, Beller GA, Benjamin EJ, Budoff MJ, Fayad ZA, Foster E, Hlatky MA, Hodgson JM, Kushner FG, Lauer MS, Shaw LJ, Smith SC, Taylor AJ, Weintraub WS, Wenger NK, Jacobs AK. 2010 ACCF/AHA guideline for assessment of cardiovascular risk in asymptomatic adults: executive summary: a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. Circulation. 2010 Dec 21; 122(25):2748-64.

Solomon SD, Foster E, Bourgoun M, Shah A, Viloria E, Brown MW, Hall WJ, Pfeffer MA, Moss AJ. Effect of cardiac resynchronization therapy on reverse remodeling and relation to outcome: multicenter automatic defibrillator implantation trial: cardiac resynchronization therapy. Circulation. 2010 Sep 07; 122(10):985-92.

Foster E. Clinical practice. Mitral regurgitation due to degenerative mitral-valve disease. N Engl J Med. 2010 Jul 08; 363(2):156-65.

Mauri L, Garg P, Massaro JM, Foster E, Glower D, Mehoudar P, Powell F, Komtebedde J, McDermott E, Feldman T. The EVEREST II Trial: design and rationale for a randomized study of the evalve mitraclip system compared with mitral valve surgery for mitral regurgitation. Am Heart J. 2010 Jul; 160(1):23-9.

Argenziano M, Skipper E, Heimansohn D, Letsou GV, Woo YJ, Kron I, Alexander J, Cleveland J, Kong B, Davidson M, Vassiliades T, Krieger K, Sako E, Tibi P, Galloway A, Foster E, Feldman T, Glower D. Surgical revision after percutaneous mitral repair with the MitraClip device. Ann Thorac Surg. 2010 Jan; 89(1):72-80; discussion p 80.

Kuppahally SS, Foster E, Shoor S, Steimle AE. Short-term and long-term success of electrical cardioversion in atrial fibrillation in managed care system. Int Arch Med. 2009 Dec 12; 2:39.

Pillutla P, Shetty KD, Foster E. Mortality associated with adult congenital heart disease: Trends in the US population from 1979 to 2005. Am Heart J. 2009 Nov; 158(5):874-9.

Moss AJ, Hall WJ, Cannom DS, Klein H, Brown MW, Daubert JP, Estes NA, Foster E, Greenberg H, Higgins SL, Pfeffer MA, Solomon SD, Wilber D, Zareba W. Cardiac-resynchronization therapy for the prevention of heart-failure events. N Engl J Med. 2009 Oct 01; 361(14):1329-38.

Zoghbi WA, Chambers JB, Dumesnil JG, Foster E, Gottdiener JS, Grayburn PA, Khandheria BK, Levine RA, Marx GR, Miller FA, Nakatani S, Quiñones MA, Rakowski H, Rodriguez LL, Swaminathan M, Waggoner AD, Weissman NJ, Zabalgoitia M. Recommendations for evaluation of prosthetic valves with echocardiography and doppler ultrasound: a report From the American Society of Echocardiography's Guidelines and Standards Committee and the Task Force on Prosthetic Valves, developed in conjunction with the American College of Cardiology Cardiovascular Imaging Committee, Cardiac Imaging Committee of the American Heart Association, the European Association of Echocardiography, a registered branch of the European Society of Cardiology, the Japanese Society of Echocardiography and the Canadian Society of Echocardiography, endorsed by the American College of Cardiology Foundation, American Heart Association, European Association of Echocardiography, a registered branch of the European Society of Cardiology, the Japanese Society of Echocardiography, and Canadian Society of Echocardiography. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2009 Sep; 22(9):975-1014; quiz 1082-4.

Feldman T, Kar S, Rinaldi M, Fail P, Hermiller J, Smalling R, Whitlow PL, Gray W, Low R, Herrmann HC, Lim S, Foster E, Glower D. Percutaneous mitral repair with the MitraClip system: safety and midterm durability in the initial EVEREST (Endovascular Valve Edge-to-Edge REpair Study) cohort. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2009 Aug 18; 54(8):686-94.

Foster E. Cardioverter-defibrillators for primary and secondary prevention in adults with tetralogy of fallot. Curr Cardiol Rep. 2009 Jul; 11(4):241-2.

Herrmann HC, Kar S, Siegel R, Fail P, Loghin C, Lim S, Hahn R, Rogers JH, Bommer WJ, Wang A, Berke A, Lerakis S, Kramer P, Wong SC, Foster E, Glower D, Feldman T. Effect of percutaneous mitral repair with the MitraClip device on mitral valve area and gradient. EuroIntervention. 2009 Jan; 4(4):437-42.

Poppas A, Cummings J, Dorbala S, Douglas PS, Foster E, Limacher MC. Survey results: a decade of change in professional life in cardiology: a 2008 report of the ACC women in cardiology council. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2008 Dec 16; 52(25):2215-26.

Weeks SG, Shapiro M, Foster E, Michaels AD. Echocardiographic predictors of change in left ventricular diastolic pressure in heart failure patients receiving nesiritide. Echocardiography. 2008 Sep; 25(8):849-55.

Mendelson JE, McGlothlin D, Harris DS, Foster E, Everhart T, Jacob P, Jones RT. The clinical pharmacology of intranasal l-methamphetamine. BMC Clin Pharmacol. 2008 Jul 21; 8:4.

Doroodchi H, Abdolrasulnia M, Foster JA, Foster E, Turakhia MP, Skelding KA, Sagar K, Casebeer LL. Knowledge and attitudes of primary care physicians in the management of patients at risk for cardiovascular events. BMC Fam Pract. 2008 Jul 08; 9:42.

Shah SJ, Nakamura K, Marcus GM, Gerber IL, McKeown BH, Jordan MV, Huddleston M, Foster E, Michaels AD. Association of the fourth heart sound with increased left ventricular end-diastolic stiffness. J Card Fail. 2008 Jun; 14(5):431-6.

Farzaneh-Far R, McKeown BH, Dang D, Roberts J, Schiller NB, Foster E. Accuracy of Doppler-estimated pulmonary vascular resistance in patients before liver transplantation. Am J Cardiol. 2008 Jan 15; 101(2):259-62.

Foster E, Wasserman HS, Gray W, Homma S, Di Tullio MR, Rodriguez L, Stewart WJ, Whitlow P, Block P, Martin R, Merlino J, Herrmann HC, Wiegers SE, Silvestry FE, Hamilton A, Zunamon A, Kraybill K, Gerber IL, Weeks SG, Zhang Y, Feldman T. Quantitative assessment of severity of mitral regurgitation by serial echocardiography in a multicenter clinical trial of percutaneous mitral valve repair. Am J Cardiol. 2007 Nov 15; 100(10):1577-83.

Bao X, Lu CM, Liu F, Gu Y, Dalton ND, Zhu BQ, Foster E, Chen J, Karliner JS, Ross J, Simpson PC, Ziegler MG. Epinephrine is required for normal cardiovascular responses to stress in the phenylethanolamine N-methyltransferase knockout mouse. Circulation. 2007 Aug 28; 116(9):1024-31.

Shah SJ, Marcus GM, Gerber IL, McKeown BH, Vessey JC, Jordan MV, Huddleston M, Foster E, Chatterjee K, Michaels AD. Physiology of the third heart sound: novel insights from tissue Doppler imaging. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2008 Apr; 21(4):394-400.

Gregg D, Foster E. Pulmonary insufficiency is the nexus of late complications in tetralogy of Fallot. Curr Cardiol Rep. 2007 Jul; 9(4):315-22.

Cepkova M, Kapur V, Ren X, Quinn T, Zhuo H, Foster E, Liu KD, Matthay MA. Pulmonary dead space fraction and pulmonary artery systolic pressure as early predictors of clinical outcome in acute lung injury. Chest. 2007 Sep; 132(3):836-42.

Silvestry FE, Rodriguez LL, Herrmann HC, Rohatgi S, Weiss SJ, Stewart WJ, Homma S, Goyal N, Pulerwitz T, Zunamon A, Hamilton A, Merlino J, Martin R, Krabill K, Block PC, Whitlow P, Tuzcu EM, Kapadia S, Gray WA, Reisman M, Wasserman H, Schwartz A, Foster E, Feldman T, Wiegers SE. Echocardiographic guidance and assessment of percutaneous repair for mitral regurgitation with the Evalve MitraClip: lessons learned from EVEREST I. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2007 Oct; 20(10):1131-40.

Rao RK, Kumar UN, Schafer J, Viloria E, De Lurgio D, Foster E. Reduced ventricular volumes and improved systolic function with cardiac resynchronization therapy: a randomized trial comparing simultaneous biventricular pacing, sequential biventricular pacing, and left ventricular pacing. Circulation. 2007 Apr 24; 115(16):2136-44.

Moyers B, Shapiro M, Marcus GM, Gerber IL, McKeown BH, Vessey JC, Jordan MV, Huddleston M, Foster E, Chatterjee K, Michaels AD. Performance of phonoelectrocardiographic left ventricular systolic time intervals and B-type natriuretic peptide levels in the diagnosis of left ventricular dysfunction. Ann Noninvasive Electrocardiol. 2007 Apr; 12(2):89-97.

Shapiro M, Moyers B, Marcus GM, Gerber IL, McKeown BH, Vessey JC, Jordan MV, Huddleston M, Foster E, Chatterjee K, Michaels AD. Diagnostic characteristics of combining phonocardiographic third heart sound and systolic time intervals for the prediction of left ventricular dysfunction. J Card Fail. 2007 Feb; 13(1):18-24.

Herrmann HC, Rohatgi S, Wasserman HS, Block P, Gray W, Hamilton A, Zunamon A, Homma S, Di Tullio MR, Kraybill K, Merlino J, Martin R, Rodriguez L, Stewart WJ, Whitlow P, Wiegers SE, Silvestry FE, Foster E, Feldman T. Mitral valve hemodynamic effects of percutaneous edge-to-edge repair with the MitraClip device for mitral regurgitation. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2006 Dec; 68(6):821-8.

Marcus GM, Ren X, Tseng ZH, Badhwar N, Lee BK, Lee RJ, Foster E, Olgin JE. Repeat transseptal catheterization after ablation for atrial fibrillation. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2007 Jan; 18(1):55-9.

Zhang Y, Takagawa J, Sievers RE, Khan MF, Viswanathan MN, Springer ML, Foster E, Yeghiazarians Y. Validation of the wall motion score and myocardial performance indexes as novel techniques to assess cardiac function in mice after myocardial infarction. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2007 Feb; 292(2):H1187-92.

Joho S, Ishizaka S, Sievers R, Foster E, Simpson PC, Grossman W. Left ventricular pressure-volume relationship in conscious mice. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2007 Jan; 292(1):H369-77.

Banki N, Kopelnik A, Tung P, Lawton MT, Gress D, Drew B, Dae M, Foster E, Parmley W, Zaroff J. Prospective analysis of prevalence, distribution, and rate of recovery of left ventricular systolic dysfunction in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage. J Neurosurg. 2006 Jul; 105(1):15-20.

Foster E, Lease KE. New untwist on diastole: what goes around comes back. Circulation. 2006 May 30; 113(21):2477-9.

Lee AC, Foster E, Yeghiazarians Y. Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery: a case series and brief review. Congenit Heart Dis. 2006 May; 1(3):111-5.

O'Connell TD, Swigart PM, Rodrigo MC, Ishizaka S, Joho S, Turnbull L, Tecott LH, Baker AJ, Foster E, Grossman W, Simpson PC. Alpha1-adrenergic receptors prevent a maladaptive cardiac response to pressure overload. J Clin Invest. 2006 Apr; 116(4):1005-15.

Marcus GM, Marcus G, Vessey J, Jordan MV, Huddleston M, McKeown B, Gerber IL, Foster E, Chatterjee K, McCulloch CE, Michaels AD. Relationship between accurate auscultation of a clinically useful third heart sound and level of experience. Arch Intern Med. 2006 Mar 27; 166(6):617-22.

Khush KK, Gerber IL, McKeown B, Marcus G, Vessey J, Foster E, Chatterjee K, Michaels AD. Obese patients have lower B-type and atrial natriuretic peptide levels compared with nonobese. Congest Heart Fail. 2006 Mar-Apr; 12(2):85-90.

Lang RM, Bierig M, Devereux RB, Flachskampf FA, Foster E, Pellikka PA, Picard MH, Roman MJ, Seward J, Shanewise J, Solomon S, Spencer KT, St John Sutton M, Stewart W. Recommendations for chamber quantification. Eur J Echocardiogr. 2006 Mar; 7(2):79-108.

Shah SJ, Marcus GM, Gerber IL, McKeown BH, Vessey JC, Jordan MV, Huddleston M, Foster E, Chatterjee K, Michaels AD. High-sensitivity C-reactive protein and parameters of left ventricular dysfunction. J Card Fail. 2006 Feb; 12(1):61-5.

Kothavale A, Banki NM, Kopelnik A, Yarlagadda S, Lawton MT, Ko N, Smith WS, Drew B, Foster E, Zaroff JG. Predictors of left ventricular regional wall motion abnormalities after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurocrit Care. 2006; 4(3):199-205.

Marcus GM, Rose E, Viloria EM, Schafer J, De Marco T, Saxon LA, Foster E. Septal to posterior wall motion delay fails to predict reverse remodeling or clinical improvement in patients undergoing cardiac resynchronization therapy. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2005 Dec 20; 46(12):2208-14.

Lang RM, Bierig M, Devereux RB, Flachskampf FA, Foster E, Pellikka PA, Picard MH, Roman MJ, Seward J, Shanewise JS, Solomon SD, Spencer KT, Sutton MS, Stewart WJ. Recommendations for chamber quantification: a report from the American Society of Echocardiography's Guidelines and Standards Committee and the Chamber Quantification Writing Group, developed in conjunction with the European Association of Echocardiography, a branch of the European Society of Cardiology. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2005 Dec; 18(12):1440-63.

Banki NM, Kopelnik A, Dae MW, Miss J, Tung P, Lawton MT, Drew BJ, Foster E, Smith W, Parmley WW, Zaroff JG. Acute neurocardiogenic injury after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Circulation. 2005 Nov 22; 112(21):3314-9.

Feldman T, Wasserman HS, Herrmann HC, Gray W, Block PC, Whitlow P, St Goar F, Rodriguez L, Silvestry F, Schwartz A, Sanborn TA, Condado JA, Foster E. Percutaneous mitral valve repair using the edge-to-edge technique: six-month results of the EVEREST Phase I Clinical Trial. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2005 Dec 06; 46(11):2134-40.

Graham TP, Beekman RH, Allen HD, Bricker JT, Freed MD, Hurwitz RA, McQuinn TC, Schieken RM, Strong WB, Zahka KG, Sanders SP, Colan SD, Cordes TM, Donofrio MT, Ensing GJ, Geva T, Kimball TR, Sahn DJ, Silverman NH, Sklansky MS, Weinberg PM, Hellenbrand WE, Lloyd TR, Lock JE, Mullins CE, Romes JJ, Teitel DF, Vetter VL, Silka MJ, Van Hare GF, Walsh EP, Kulik T, Giglia TM, Kocis KC, Mahoney LT, Schwartz SM, Wernovsky G, Wessel DL, Murphy D, Foster E, Benson DW, Baldwin HS, Hirshfeld JW, Kugler JD, Moskowitz WB, Creager MA, Lorell BH, Merli G, Rodgers GP, Rutherford JD, Tracy CM, Weitz HH. ACCF/AHA/AAP recommendations for training in pediatric cardiology. A report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association/American College of Physicians Task Force on Clinical Competence (ACC/AHA/AAP Writing Committee to Develop Training Recommendations for Pediatric Cardiology). Circulation. 2005 Oct 18; 112(16):2555-80.

Allen HD, Bricker JT, Freed MD, Hurwitz RA, McQuinn TC, Schieken RM, Strong WB, Zahka KG, Sanders SP, Colan SD, Cordes TM, Donofrio MT, Ensing GJ, Geva T, Kimball TR, Sahn DJ, Silverman NH, Sklansky MS, Weinberg PM, Beekman RH, Hellenbrand WE, Lloyd TR, Lock JE, Mullins CE, Rome JJ, Teitel DF, Vetter VL, Silka MJ, Van Hare GF, Walsh EP, Kulik T, Giglia TM, Kocis KC, Mahoney LT, Schwartz SM, Wernovsky G, Wessel DL, Murphy DJ, Foster E, Benson DW, Baldwin HS, Mahoney LT, McQuinn TC. ACC/AHA/AAP recommendations for training in pediatric cardiology. Pediatrics. 2005 Dec; 116(6):1574-96.

Murphy DJ, Foster E. ACCF/AHA/AAP recommendations for training in pediatric cardiology. Task force 6: training in transition of adolescent care and care of the adult with congenital heart disease. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2005 Oct 04; 46(7):1399-401.

Moss AJ, Brown MW, Cannom DS, Daubert JP, Estes M, Foster E, Greenberg HM, Hall WJ, Higgins SL, Klein H, Pfeffer M, Wilber D, Zareba W. Multicenter automatic defibrillator implantation trial-cardiac resynchronization therapy (MADIT-CRT): design and clinical protocol. Ann Noninvasive Electrocardiol. 2005 Oct; 10(4 Suppl):34-43.

Tung PP, Olmsted E, Kopelnik A, Banki NM, Drew BJ, Ko N, Lawton MT, Smith W, Foster E, Young WL, Zaroff JG. Plasma B-type natriuretic peptide levels are associated with early cardiac dysfunction after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Stroke. 2005 Jul; 36(7):1567-9.

Springer ML, Sievers RE, Viswanathan MN, Yee MS, Foster E, Grossman W, Yeghiazarians Y. Closed-chest cell injections into mouse myocardium guided by high-resolution echocardiography. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2005 Sep; 289(3):H1307-14.

Marcus GM, Gerber IL, McKeown BH, Vessey JC, Jordan MV, Huddleston M, McCulloch CE, Foster E, Chatterjee K, Michaels AD. Association between phonocardiographic third and fourth heart sounds and objective measures of left ventricular function. JAMA. 2005 May 11; 293(18):2238-44.

Nath J, Demarco T, Hourigan L, Heidenreich PA, Foster E. Correlation between right ventricular indices and clinical improvement in epoprostenol treated pulmonary hypertension patients. Echocardiography. 2005 May; 22(5):374-9.

De Lurgio DB, Foster E, Higginbotham MB, Larntz K, Saxon LA. A comparison of cardiac resynchronization by sequential biventricular pacing and left ventricular pacing to simultaneous biventricular pacing: rationale and design of the DECREASE-HF clinical trial. J Card Fail. 2005 Apr; 11(3):233-9.

Michaels AD, McKeown B, Kostal M, Vakharia KT, Jordan MV, Gerber IL, Foster E, Chatterjee K. Effects of intravenous levosimendan on human coronary vasomotor regulation, left ventricular wall stress, and myocardial oxygen uptake. Circulation. 2005 Mar 29; 111(12):1504-9.

Khush K, Kopelnik A, Tung P, Banki N, Dae M, Lawton M, Smith W, Drew B, Foster E, Zaroff J. Age and aneurysm position predict patterns of left ventricular dysfunction after subarachnoid hemorrhage. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2005 Feb; 18(2):168-74.

Kopelnik A, Fisher L, Miss JC, Banki N, Tung P, Lawton MT, Ko N, Smith WS, Drew B, Foster E, Zaroff J. Prevalence and implications of diastolic dysfunction after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurocrit Care. 2005; 3(2):132-8.

Yeh BM, Kurzman P, Foster E, Qayyum A, Joe B, Coakley F. Clinical relevance of retrograde inferior vena cava or hepatic vein opacification during contrast-enhanced CT. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2004 Nov; 183(5):1227-32.

Horwich T, Foster E, De Marco T, Tseng Z, Saxon L. Effects of resynchronization therapy on cardiac function in pacemaker patients "upgraded" to biventricular devices. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2004 Nov; 15(11):1284-9.

Behm CZ, Nath J, Foster E. Clinical correlates and mortality of hemodynamically significant tricuspid regurgitation. J Heart Valve Dis. 2004 Sep; 13(5):784-9.

Fann JI, St Goar FG, Komtebedde J, Oz MC, Block PC, Foster E, Butany J, Feldman T, Burdon TA. Beating heart catheter-based edge-to-edge mitral valve procedure in a porcine model: efficacy and healing response. Circulation. 2004 Aug 24; 110(8):988-93.

Warnes CA, Fedson SE, Foster E, Jessup M, Limacher MC, O'Donnell JA, Walsh MN. Working group 2: How to encourage more women to choose a career in cardiology. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2004 Jul 21; 44(2):238-41.

Lester SJ, Shin H, Lambert AS, Miller JP, Cahalan MK, Seeberger MD, Foster E, Schiller NB. Is PA-PWRmax truly a preload-independent index of myocardial contractility in anesthetized humans? Cardiology. 2004; 102(2):77-81.

Nath J, Foster E, Heidenreich PA. Impact of tricuspid regurgitation on long-term survival. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2004 Feb 04; 43(3):405-9.

Youn HJ, Foster E. Demonstration of coronary artery flow using transthoracic Doppler echocardiography. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2004 Feb; 17(2):178-85.

Tung P, Kopelnik A, Banki N, Ong K, Ko N, Lawton MT, Gress D, Drew B, Foster E, Parmley W, Zaroff J. Predictors of neurocardiogenic injury after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Stroke. 2004 Feb; 35(2):548-51.

Madala D, Zaroff JG, Hourigan L, Foster E. Harmonic imaging improves sensitivity at the expense of specificity in the detection of patent foramen ovale. Echocardiography. 2004 Jan; 21(1):33-6.

Ishizaka S, Sievers RE, Zhu BQ, Rodrigo MC, Joho S, Foster E, Simpson PC, Grossman W. New technique for measurement of left ventricular pressure in conscious mice. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2004 Mar; 286(3):H1208-15.

Higgins SL, Hummel JD, Niazi IK, Giudici MC, Worley SJ, Saxon LA, Boehmer JP, Higginbotham MB, De Marco T, Foster E, Yong PG. Cardiac resynchronization therapy for the treatment of heart failure in patients with intraventricular conduction delay and malignant ventricular tachyarrhythmias. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2003 Oct 15; 42(8):1454-9.

St Goar FG, Fann JI, Komtebedde J, Foster E, Oz MC, Fogarty TJ, Feldman T, Block PC. Endovascular edge-to-edge mitral valve repair: short-term results in a porcine model. Circulation. 2003 Oct 21; 108(16):1990-3.

Zoghbi WA, Enriquez-Sarano M, Foster E, Grayburn PA, Kraft CD, Levine RA, Nihoyannopoulos P, Otto CM, Quinones MA, Rakowski H, Stewart WJ, Waggoner A, Weissman NJ. Recommendations for evaluation of the severity of native valvular regurgitation with two-dimensional and Doppler echocardiography. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2003 Jul; 16(7):777-802.

O'Connell TD, Ishizaka S, Nakamura A, Swigart PM, Rodrigo MC, Simpson GL, Cotecchia S, Rokosh DG, Grossman W, Foster E, Simpson PC. The alpha(1A/C)- and alpha(1B)-adrenergic receptors are required for physiological cardiac hypertrophy in the double-knockout mouse. J Clin Invest. 2003 Jun; 111(11):1783-91.

Quiñones MA, Douglas PS, Foster E, Gorcsan J, Lewis JF, Pearlman AS, Rychik J, Salcedo EE, Seward JB, Stevenson JG, Thys DM, Weitz HH, Zoghbi WA, Creager MA, Winters WL, Elnicki M, Hirshfeld JW, Lorell BH, Rodgers GP, Tracy CM, Weitz HH. ACC/AHA clinical competence statement on echocardiography: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association/American College of Physicians-American Society of Internal Medicine Task Force on clinical competence. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2003 Apr; 16(4):379-402.

Lee SJ, McCulloch C, Mangat I, Foster E, De Marco T, Saxon LA. Isolated bundle branch block and left ventricular dysfunction. J Card Fail. 2003 Apr; 9(2):87-92.

Quiñones MA, Douglas PS, Foster E, Gorcsan J, Lewis JF, Pearlman AS, Rychik J, Salcedo EE, Seward JB, Stevenson JG, Thys DM, Weitz HH, Zoghbi WA, Creager MA, Winters WL, Elnicki M, Hirshfeld JW, Lorell BH, Rodgers GP, Tracy CM, Weitz HH. American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association clinical competence statement on echocardiography: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association/American College of Physicians--American Society of Internal Medicine Task Force on Clinical Competence. Circulation. 2003 Feb 25; 107(7):1068-89.

Quiñones MA, Douglas PS, Foster E, Gorcsan J, Lewis JF, Pearlman AS, Rychik J, Salcedo EE, Seward JB, Stevenson JG, Thys DM, Weitz HH, Zoghbi WA. ACC/AHA clinical competence statement on echocardiography: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association/American College of Physicians-American Society of Internal Medicine Task Force on Clinical Competence. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2003 Feb 19; 41(4):687-708.

Thomas L, Foster E, Hoffman JI, Schiller NB. Prospective validation of an echocardiographic index for determining the severity of chronic mitral regurgitation. Am J Cardiol. 2002 Sep 15; 90(6):607-12.

Naqvi TZ, Foster E. Anticoagulation during pregnancy. Curr Womens Health Rep. 2002 Apr; 2(2):95-104.

Saxon LA, De Marco T, Schafer J, Chatterjee K, Kumar UN, Foster E. Effects of long-term biventricular stimulation for resynchronization on echocardiographic measures of remodeling. Circulation. 2002 Mar 19; 105(11):1304-10.

Nakamura A, Rokosh DG, Paccanaro M, Yee RR, Simpson PC, Grossman W, Foster E. LV systolic performance improves with development of hypertrophy after transverse aortic constriction in mice. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2001 Sep; 281(3):H1104-12.

Ryan EW, Foster E. Change in character of mitral prosthesis regurgitant murmur with bundle-branch block: correlation of auscultatory and echocardiographic findings. Circulation. 2001 Mar 27; 103(12):1715-6.

Goldman JH, Schiller NB, Lim DC, Redberg RF, Foster E. Usefulness of stroke distance by echocardiography as a surrogate marker of cardiac output that is independent of gender and size in a normal population. Am J Cardiol. 2001 Feb 15; 87(4):499-502, A8.

Lester SJ, Baggott M, Welm S, Schiller NB, Jones RT, Foster E, Mendelson J. Cardiovascular effects of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine. A double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Ann Intern Med. 2000 Dec 19; 133(12):969-73.

Goldman JH, Foster E. Transesophageal echocardiographic (TEE) evaluation of intracardiac and pericardial masses. Cardiol Clin. 2000 Nov; 18(4):849-60.

Foster E, Schiller NB. Introduction to transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) with a historical perspective. Cardiol Clin. 2000 Nov; 18(4):675-9.

Youn HJ, Foster E. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in the evaluation of the coronary arteries. Cardiol Clin. 2000 Nov; 18(4):833-48.

Foster E. Pericardial effusion: a continuing drain on our diagnostic acumen. Am J Med. 2000 Aug 01; 109(2):169-70.

Ryan EW, Foster E. Images in cardiovascular medicine. Augmentation of coronary blood flow with intra-aortic balloon pump counter-pulsation. Circulation. 2000 Jul 18; 102(3):364-5.

Graham TP, Bernard YD, Mellen BG, Celermajer D, Baumgartner H, Cetta F, Connolly HM, Davidson WR, Dellborg M, Foster E, Gersony WM, Gessner IH, Hurwitz RA, Kaemmerer H, Kugler JD, Murphy DJ, Noonan JA, Morris C, Perloff JK, Sanders SP, Sutherland JL. Long-term outcome in congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries: a multi-institutional study. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2000 Jul; 36(1):255-61.

Khan JH, Foster EA, Intinarelli GM, Merrick SH. Maze procedure and homograft replacement of a rheumatic mitral valve. J Heart Valve Dis. 1999 Nov; 8(6):630-1.

Lambert AS, Miller JP, Foster E, Schiller NB, Cahalan MK. The diagnostic validity of digitally captured intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography examinations compared with analog recordings: A pilot study. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 1999 Nov; 12(11):974-80.

Lester SJ, Ryan EW, Schiller NB, Foster E. Best method in clinical practice and in research studies to determine left atrial size. Am J Cardiol. 1999 Oct 01; 84(7):829-32.

Heidenreich PA, Masoudi FA, Maini B, Chou TM, Foster E, Schiller NB, Owens DK. Echocardiography in patients with suspected endocarditis: a cost-effectiveness analysis. Am J Med. 1999 Sep; 107(3):198-208.

Thomas L, Foster E, Hoffman JI, Schiller NB. The Mitral Regurgitation Index: an echocardiographic guide to severity. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1999 Jun; 33(7):2016-22.

Lambert AS, Miller JP, Merrick SH, Schiller NB, Foster E, Muhiudeen-Russell I, Cahalan MK. Improved evaluation of the location and mechanism of mitral valve regurgitation with a systematic transesophageal echocardiography examination. Anesth Analg. 1999 Jun; 88(6):1205-12.

Stanger P, Silverman NH, Foster E. Diagnostic accuracy of pediatric echocardiograms performed in adult laboratories. Am J Cardiol. 1999 Mar 15; 83(6):908-14.

Youn HJ, Redberg RF, Schiller NB, Foster E. Demonstration of penetrating intramyocardial coronary arteries with high-frequency transthoracic echocardiography and Doppler in human subjects. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 1999 Jan; 12(1):55-63.

Youn HJ, Rokosh G, Lester SJ, Simpson P, Schiller NB, Foster E. Two-dimensional echocardiography with a 15-MHz transducer is a promising alternative for in vivo measurement of left ventricular mass in mice. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 1999 Jan; 12(1):70-5.

Teerlink JR, Foster E. Valvular heart disease in pregnancy. A contemporary perspective. Cardiol Clin. 1998 Aug; 16(3):573-98, x.

Grayburn PA, Weiss JL, Hack TC, Klodas E, Raichlen JS, Vannan MA, Klein AL, Kitzman DW, Chrysant SG, Cohen JL, Abrahamson D, Foster E, Perez JE, Aurigemma GP, Panza JA, Picard MH, Byrd BF, Segar DS, Jacobson SA, Sahn DJ, DeMaria AN. Phase III multicenter trial comparing the efficacy of 2% dodecafluoropentane emulsion (EchoGen) and sonicated 5% human albumin (Albunex) as ultrasound contrast agents in patients with suboptimal echocardiograms. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1998 Jul; 32(1):230-6.

Barzilay JI, Kronmal RA, Bittner V, Eaker E, Foster ED. Coronary artery disease in diabetic and nondiabetic patients with lower extremity arterial disease: A report from the Coronary Artery Surgery Study Registry. Am Heart J. 1998 Jun; 135(6 Pt 1):1055-62.

Thomas L, Foster E. Membranous subaortic stenosis presenting decades after surgical correction for tetralogy of Fallot. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 1998 Feb; 11(2):206-8.

Saxon LA, Kerwin WF, Cahalan MK, Kalman JM, Olgin JE, Foster E, Schiller NB, Shinbane JS, Lesh MD, Merrick SH. Acute effects of intraoperative multisite ventricular pacing on left ventricular function and activation/contraction sequence in patients with depressed ventricular function. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 1998 Jan; 9(1):13-21.

Thomas L, Foster E, Schiller NB. Peak mitral inflow velocity predicts mitral regurgitation severity. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1998 Jan; 31(1):174-9.

Seeberger MD, Cahalan MK, Rouine-Rapp K, Foster E, Ionescu P, Balea M, Merrick S, Schiller NB. Acute hypovolemia may cause segmental wall motion abnormalities in the absence of myocardial ischemia. Anesth Analg. 1997 Dec; 85(6):1252-7.

Seeberger MD, Cahalan MK, Chu E, Foster E, Ionescu P, Balea M, Adler S, Merrick S, Schiller NB. Rapid atrial pacing for detecting provokable demand ischemia in anesthetized patients. Anesth Analg. 1997 Jun; 84(6):1180-5.

Heidenreich PA, Bear J, Browner W, Foster E. The clinical impact of echocardiography on antibiotic prophylaxis use in patients with suspected mitral valve prolapse. Am J Med. 1997 Apr; 102(4):337-43.

Rouine-Rapp K, Ionescu P, Balea M, Foster E, Cahalan MK. Detection of intraoperative segmental wall-motion abnormalities by transesophageal echocardiography: the incremental value of additional cross sections in the transverse and longitudinal planes. Anesth Analg. 1996 Dec; 83(6):1141-8.

Eisenberg MJ, Yakel DL, Mendelson J, Redberg RF, Jones RT, Foster E. Immediate effects of intravenous cocaine on the thoracic aorta and coronary arteries. A transesophageal echocardiographic study. Chest. 1996 Jul; 110(1):147-54.

Schiller NB, Foster E. Analysis of left ventricular systolic function. Heart. 1996 Jun; 75(6 Suppl 2):17-26.

Amidon TM, Chou TM, Kee LL, Foster E. Role of echocardiography in primary care medicine. Controversies in hypertension, atrial fibrillation, stroke, and endocarditis. West J Med. 1996 Mar; 164(3):269-75.

Foster E. Congenital heart disease in adults. West J Med. 1995 Nov; 163(5):492-8.

Webber JD, Foster E, Heidenreich P, LaBerge J, Ring EJ, Schiller NB. Three-dimensional transabdominal ultrasound identification of aortic plaque. Am J Card Imaging. 1995 Oct; 9(4):245-9.

Kusumoto F, Venet T, Schiller NB, Sebastian A, Foster E. Measurement of aortic blood flow by Doppler echocardiography: temporal, technician, and reader variability in normal subjects and the application of generalizability theory in clinical research. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 1995 Sep-Oct; 8(5 Pt 1):647-53.

Cahalan MK, Foster E. Training in transesophageal echocardiography: in the lab or on the job? Anesth Analg. 1995 Aug; 81(2):217-8.

Heidenreich PA, Stainback RF, Redberg RF, Schiller NB, Cohen NH, Foster E. Transesophageal echocardiography predicts mortality in critically ill patients with unexplained hypotension. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1995 Jul; 26(1):152-8.

Barbant SD, Redberg RF, Tucker KJ, Chatterjee K, DeMarco T, Foster E, Schiller NB. Abnormal pulmonary artery pressure profile after cardiac transplantation: an exercise Doppler echocardiographic study. Am Heart J. 1995 Jun; 129(6):1185-92.

Heidenreich PA, Steffens J, Fujita N, O'Sullivan M, Caputo GR, Foster E, Higgins CB. Evaluation of mitral stenosis with velocity-encoded cine-magnetic resonance imaging. Am J Cardiol. 1995 Feb 15; 75(5):365-9.

Foster E, O'Kelly B, LaPidus A, Sandler D, Tucker K, Dae M, Schiller NB, Botvinick EH. Segmental analysis of resting echocardiographic function and stress scintigraphic perfusion: implications for myocardial viability. Am Heart J. 1995 Jan; 129(1):7-14.

Rihal CS, Eagle KA, Mickel MC, Foster ED, Sopko G, Gersh BJ. Surgical therapy for coronary artery disease among patients with combined coronary artery and peripheral vascular disease. Circulation. 1995 Jan 1; 91(1):46-53.

Kaplan JD, Foster E, Redberg RF, Schiller NB. Exercise Doppler echocardiography identifies abnormal hemodynamics in adults with congenital heart disease. Am Heart J. 1994 Jun; 127(6):1572-80.

Hartiala JJ, Foster E, Fujita N, Mostbeck GH, Caputo GR, Fazio GP, Winslow T, Higgins CB. Evaluation of left atrial contribution to left ventricular filling in aortic stenosis by velocity-encoded cine MRI. Am Heart J. 1994 Mar; 127(3):593-600.

Plehn JF, Foster E, Grice WN, Huntington-Coats M, Apstein CS. Echocardiographic assessment of LV mass in rabbits: models of pressure and volume overload hypertrophy. Am J Physiol. 1993 Dec; 265(6 Pt 2):H2066-72.

Foster E, Cahalan MK. The search for intelligent quantitation in echocardiography: "eyeball," "trackball" and beyond. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1993 Sep; 22(3):848-50.

Kuecherer HF, Foster E. Hemodynamics by transesophageal echocardiography. Cardiol Clin. 1993 Aug; 11(3):475-87.

Chazouilleres AF, Foster E, Redberg RF, Schiller NB. Right ventricular outflow tract obstruction: augmented diagnosis with biplane transesophageal echocardiography. Am Heart J. 1993 Aug; 126(2):477-80.

Foster E, Schiller NB. Transesophageal echocardiography in the critical care patient. Cardiol Clin. 1993 Aug; 11(3):489-503.

Foster E, Redberg RF, Schiller NB. Transesophageal echocardiography. Indications and technical considerations. Cardiol Clin. 1993 Aug; 11(3):355-60.

Schiller NB, Foster E, Redberg RF. Transesophageal echocardiography in the evaluation of mitral regurgitation. The twenty-four signs of severe mitral regurgitation. Cardiol Clin. 1993 Aug; 11(3):399-408.

Tucker KJ, Redberg RF, Ploss D, DeMarco T, Foster E, Schiller NB. Noninvasive assessment of the pulmonary artery pressure response to exercise after uncomplicated heart transplantation. J Heart Lung Transplant. 1993 Jul-Aug; 12(4):604-12.

Jue J, Winslow T, Fazio G, Redberg RF, Foster E, Schiller NB. Pulsed Doppler characterization of left atrial appendage flow. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 1993 May-Jun; 6(3 Pt 1):237-44.

Chou TM, Jue J, Merrick SH, Schiller NB, Foster E. Effusive constrictive epicarditis and atrial septal defect. Am Heart J. 1993 Apr; 125(4):1193-5.

Sudhir K, MacGregor JS, Barbant SD, Foster E, Fitzgerald PJ, Chatterjee K, Yock PG. Assessment of coronary conductance and resistance vessel reactivity in response to nitroglycerin, ergonovine and adenosine: in vivo studies with simultaneous intravascular two-dimensional and Doppler ultrasound. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1993 Apr; 21(5):1261-8.

Winslow TM, Ossipov MA, Fazio GP, Foster E, Simonson JS, Schiller NB. The left ventricle in systemic lupus erythematosus: initial observations and a five-year follow-up in a university medical center population. Am Heart J. 1993 Apr; 125(4):1117-22.

Hartiala JJ, Mostbeck GH, Foster E, Fujita N, Dulce MC, Chazouilleres AF, Higgins CB. Velocity-encoded cine MRI in the evaluation of left ventricular diastolic function: measurement of mitral valve and pulmonary vein flow velocities and flow volume across the mitral valve. Am Heart J. 1993 Apr; 125(4):1054-66.

Mostbeck GH, Hartiala JJ, Foster E, Fujita N, Dulce MC, Higgins CB. Right ventricular diastolic filling: evaluation with velocity-encoded cine MRI. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 1993 Mar-Apr; 17(2):245-52.

Winslow TM, Redberg RF, Foster E, Schiller NB. Transesophageal echocardiographic detection of abnormalities of the tricuspid valve in adults associated with spontaneous closure of perimembranous ventricular septal defect. Am J Cardiol. 1992 Oct 01; 70(9):967-9.

Foster E, Schiller NB. The role of transesophageal echocardiography in critical care: UCSF experience. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 1992 Jul-Aug; 5(4):368-74.

Kondo C, Caputo GR, Masui T, Foster E, O'Sullivan M, Stulbarg MS, Golden J, Catterjee K, Higgins CB. Pulmonary hypertension: pulmonary flow quantification and flow profile analysis with velocity-encoded cine MR imaging. Radiology. 1992 Jun; 183(3):751-8.

Cohen TJ, Tucker KJ, Abbott JA, Botvinick EH, Foster E, Schiller NB, O'Connell JW, Scheinman MM. Usefulness of adenosine in augmenting ventricular preexcitation for noninvasive localization of accessory pathways. Am J Cardiol. 1992 May 01; 69(14):1178-85.

Foster E, Plehn JF, Bernard SA, Battinelli NJ, Huntington-Coats M, Apstein CS. Regression of left ventricular hypertrophy in "previously untreated" hypertensive blacks after 6 months of blood pressure reduction with alpha- and beta-adrenergic blockade and thiazide therapy. Cardiovasc Drugs Ther. 1992 Apr; 6(2):147-51.

Winslow T, Foster E, Adams JR, Schiller NB. Pulmonary valve endocarditis: improved diagnosis with biplane transesophageal echocardiography. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 1992 Mar-Apr; 5(2):206-10.

Falk RH, Foster E, Coats MH. Ventricular thrombi and thromboembolism in dilated cardiomyopathy: a prospective follow-up study. Am Heart J. 1992 Jan; 123(1):136-42.

Kuecherer HF, Abbott JA, Botvinick EH, Scheinman ED, O'Connell JW, Scheinman MM, Foster E, Schiller NB. Two-dimensional echocardiographic phase analysis. Its potential for noninvasive localization of accessory pathways in patients with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome. Circulation. 1992 Jan; 85(1):130-42.

Caputo GR, Kondo C, Masui T, Geraci SJ, Foster E, O'Sullivan MM, Higgins CB. Right and left lung perfusion: in vitro and in vivo validation with oblique-angle, velocity-encoded cine MR imaging. Radiology. 1991 Sep; 180(3):693-8.

Chien WW, Foster E, Phillips B, Schiller N, Griffin JC. Pacemaker syndrome in a patient with DDD pacemaker for long QT syndrome. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 1991 Aug; 14(8):1209-12.

Kondo C, Caputo GR, Semelka R, Foster E, Shimakawa A, Higgins CB. Right and left ventricular stroke volume measurements with velocity-encoded cine MR imaging: in vitro and in vivo validation. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1991 Jul; 157(1):9-16.

Foster E, Kusumoto FM, Sobol SM, Schiller NB. Streptococcal endocarditis temporally related to transesophageal echocardiography. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 1990 Sep-Oct; 3(5):424-7.

Plehn J, Sager J, Foster E, Pirzada F, Schick E. Pericardial pseudotumor. Echocardiographic observation of juxtacardiac pulmonary collapse. Chest. 1988 Oct; 94(4):837-41.

Richton-Hewett S, Foster E, Apstein CS. Medical and economic consequences of a blinded oral anticoagulant brand change at a municipal hospital. Arch Intern Med. 1988 Apr; 148(4):806-8.

Foster E, DeJong D, Connelly C, Apstein CS. Failure of nifedipine and reperfusion to reduce infarct size relative to region at risk as measured by NADH fluorophotography. Circulation. 1984 Sep; 70(3):506-12.

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